Foward the Revolution. Long live the dictadorship of the proliterate!
 
— Last manifest of the Red-icon.png Comitee of Sama (Asturias-icon.png Asturias) [16 of October 1934]
Everyone in his place, and Catalonia-icon.png Catalonia and the republic in the hearts of everyone. Long live the Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Republic and long live freedom.
 
— Luis Companys proclaiming Catalonia-icon.png Catalonia as a independent state inside of a Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Federal Spanish Republic.

Red-icon.png The Austrian Asturian Socialist Republic was a commune from the Asturias-icon.png Asturias against the Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Second Spanish Republicball dominated by the right. They were an army of miners that were striking to free the government from Blue-icon.png right-wingers. It falled and everyone forgot about it. In October 18, it was declared that Asturias-icon.png Asturias had returned to the Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Second Spanish Republicball as a province by the hands of a Red-icon.png certain general...

In the modern day

In the modern day he's remembered by Asturias-icon.png Asturian Red-icon.png Socialists as at the same time pointless violence and anarchy, and also a necesary action aganist the CEDA-icon (soldier).png Cedaball-lead goverment.

History

CEDA

After the failed Anarchy-icon.png anarchist uprising in Casas Viejas, Cadizball, Andalusiaball, a Coalition of Blue-icon.png right-wing parties called CEDA-icon (soldier).png Cedaball (Spanish Coalition of the Autonomous Right) won the elections. CEDA-icon (soldier).png The party won due to the fracturation of the Red-icon.png left-wing parties which had won in 1931 and declared the Second Spanish Republicball and exiled long-time ruling Spain (monarchy)-icon.png king Alfonso XIII out of Spain.

October Revolution

Red-icon.png The October Revolution was a series of waves of strikes, declarations of independence and revolts over the Blue-icon.png conservative-controlled Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Second Spanish Republicball. All over File. Spain-icon.png Spain the Red-icon.png socialist workers went on strike. 

The start of the revolution

In Asturias the miners rose up the 5th of October of 1934, and declared the Republic of Miners and Peasnts of Asturias. They had the support of the Red-icon.png PSOE (Socialists), the Anarchy-icon.png UGT (Anarcho-sindicalists), Anarchy-icon.png CNT (Anarchists) and the Red-icon.png PCE (Communist.png Communist Party of Spain).

Catalonia

At the same time Catalonia-icon.png Cataloniaball o Catalonia-icon.png Catalunyaball declares Catalonia-icon.png Catalonia as the first state in a new Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Federal Spanish Republic. He didn't declare that Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Federal Spanish Republic, some Spain-icon.png Spanish Historians see this as the Second Spanish Republic-icon.png 3rd Spanish Republic. This would be a mayor problem if a new Second Spanish Republic-icon.png spanish republic is declared in the future.

The Asturian Revolution

Northern Front

The Grado-icon.png Trubia (Oviedo-icon.png Oviedo/Grado-icon.png Grado), La Vega (Oviedo-icon.png Oviedo) and Mieres-icon.png Mieres Weapons Factories are sacked by the Red-icon.png revolucionaries between the 5th and 10th of October, the revolucionaries advance towards Oviedo-icon.png Oviedo. In Asturias-icon.png Ollionegro a battle occurs between the Second Spanish Republicball and the Red-icon.png revolucionaries, which ends in a victory of the Red-icon.png last.

Southern Front

Red-icon.png The miners rose up in Vega del Rey (Pola de Lena, South Asturias) and begin preparations to attack in the afternoon the town of Asturias-icon.png Camponares, 5 kilometers away. 

Oviedo falls

The 11th of October the last Spanish Forces surrender in Oviedo-icon.png Ovierdo. The cities of Gijón (Asturias-icon.pngGijónball) and Avilés (Asturias-icon.png Avilesball had fallen to the revolucionaries (but some parts of Asturias-icon.pngGijón were still standing). The combat in Oviedo took place in the Oviedo-icon.png School and Theatre of Oviedo-icon.png Campoamor, Oviedo-icon.png the cathedral of Oviedo, Oviedo-icon.png the arms factory of La Vega (Oviedo-icon.png previosly mentioned), Oviedo-icon.png the Covadonga Hotel, Oviedo-icon.png the University, Oviedo-icon.png the Bullring of Oviedo, Oviedo-icon.png the Diputación Building, Oviedo-icon.png the Hospicio, Oviedo-icon.png the water reserve and Oviedo-icon.png the Slaughterhouse.

The final stand

The coronel Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Juan Yagüe Blanco landed in the port of Asturias-icon.pngGijón (Asturias-icon.pngel musel), Second Spanish Republic-icon.png José Solchaga Zala entered from Cantabria-icon.png Cantabria, Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Eduardo López Ochoa from Galicia and coronel Carlos Bosch Bosch from Castile-icon.png Castille entered the Asturian region with the purpose of crushing the revolt. All were under the command of who would become the caudille of Spain-icon.png Spain-icon.png Spain: Franco-icon.pngFrancisco Franco, general of the army and Manuel Goded from Madrid.  Bosch entered from the south but never reached Oviedo, instead got stuck in the south. Ochoa and Yagüe entered Oviedo-icon.png Oviedo and retook the Oviedo-icon.png city in the name of the Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Second Spanish Republicball

Asturias-icon.png Langreo, Asturias-icon.png Avilés, Asturias-icon.png Gijón, Asturias-icon.png Pola de Siero, Oviedo-icon.png Oviedo, Grado-icon.png Grado, Mieres-icon.png Mieres... all of the territory the Red-icon.png revolution had ever stepped foot on was now covered in Castile-icon.png Castilian, Galicia-icon (Spain).png Galician, Catalonia-icon.png Catalan and most importantly Asturias-icon.png Asturian blood.

Aftermath

The Red-icon.png revolution was used by the Red-icon.png Popular Front, a coalition of left-wing parties that won the elections in 1936 and most importantly by the Red-icon.png PCE (Communist.png Communist Party of Spain-icon.png Spain) as propaganda. They made promises of freeing the inprisioned generals and soldiers which they partially did.

In the Spanish civil war of the 36', Asturias-icon.png Asturiasball found himself with his Cantabric brothers (Basque-icon.png Basqueball, Cantabria-icon.png Cantabriaball while also fighting their other brothers (Galicia-icon (Spain).pngGaliciaball (Spain), Leonball, Castileball). Oviedo-icon.png Oviedo revolted and stayed with the Franco-icon.png nationals until the month before Asturias-icon.png Asturias surrendered it was taken. A few days later it was retaken by the Franco-icon.png Nationalist Forces. Asturias-icon.png Asturias was the last bastion of republicanisim in north spain. All of their brothers had been †-icon.png killed or Franco-icon.png "converted" into the Franco-icon.png Nationalist side. Asturias-icon.png Asturias Franco-icon.png felt in Mid February 1937.

Francoist Dictadorship

Most of the dead bodies left by the Civil War were tranported to the "Valley of the fallen" a molument to the deaths in the civil war build by war prisoners. This doesn't mean that all went there, a significant mayority of Asturian bodies ended in common pits with almost no separation between bodies.

Opression was hard during the ditadorship but finnally in 1975 Franco died.

Democracy

In 1979 the first elections were held in Spain-icon.png Spain, which ended in a Spain-icon.png national victory of the Spain-icon.png "Union of Democratic Center" (UCD in spanish) but in Asturias both in the 1979 and 1982 elections the Red-icon.png PSOE (Spanish Socialist Worker's Party) won. In 1982 Asturias-icon.png Asturias was given a high autonomy and the title of Asturias-icon.pngPrincipalitySpain-icon.png , which meant that the daughter/son of every king born in the new Parliamentary Monarchy-icon.png constitucional parlimentary kingdom would take the title of Prince or Princess of Asturias-icon.png Asturias. The autonomy status was expanded in 1991, 1994 and 1999. About 20% of Asturians can speak perfectly Asturian 45% knows some vocabulary and 65% uses some form of the Asturias-icon.png Asturian Castillian dialect in their daily lives. 

The Asturias-icon.png asturian Red-icon.png socialist movement is the main political movement in Asturias to this day. Socialists in Asturias-icon.png Asturias nowdays use a version of the flag of Asturiasball with a Red-icon.png red star in the northwest corner.

Flag

There are 3 candidates for the title of official flag: the flag of the Anarchy-icon.png CNT (CNTball), the Red-icon.png red flag or a flag of Asturias-icon.png asturias with a shovel and spout.

References

1. Wikipedia-icon.png Wikipedia: Asturian Revoltion

2. Wikipedia-icon.png Wikipedia: Asturleonese of Asturias

3. Historical Atlas of Spain-icon.png by Larousse, pages 148 and 149.

4. Cronological Atlas of the History of Spain-icon.png Spain by the Spain-icon.png Royal Academy of History, page 347.

5. Spain-icon.png Other sources...

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