|“||Foward the Revolution. Long live the dictadorship of the proliterate!||”|
|“||Everyone in his place, and Catalonia and the republic in the hearts of everyone. Long live the Republic and long live freedom.||”|
Austrian Asturian Socialist Republic was a commune from the Asturias against the Second Spanish Republicball dominated by the right. They were an army of miners that were striking to free the government from right-wingers. It falled and everyone forgot about it. In October 18, it was declared that Asturias had returned to the Second Spanish Republicball as a province by the hands of a certain general...
- 1 In the modern day
- 2 History
- 3 Flag
- 4 References
In the modern day
In the modern day he's remembered by Asturian Socialists as at the same time pointless violence and anarchy, and also a necesary action aganist the Cedaball-lead goverment.
After the failed anarchist uprising in Casas Viejas, Cadizball, Andalusiaball, a Coalition of right-wing parties called Cedaball (Spanish Coalition of the Autonomous Right) won the elections. The party won due to the fracturation of the left-wing parties which had won in 1931 and declared the Second Spanish Republicball and exiled long-time ruling king Alfonso XIII out of Spain.
The October Revolution was a series of waves of strikes, declarations of independence and revolts over the conservative-controlled Second Spanish Republicball. All over File. Spain-icon.png Spain the socialist workers went on strike.
The start of the revolution
In Asturias the miners rose up the 5th of October of 1934, and declared the Republic of Miners and Peasnts of Asturias. They had the support of the PSOE (Socialists), the UGT (Anarcho-sindicalists), CNT (Anarchists) and the PCE ( Communist Party of Spain).
At the same time Cataloniaball o Catalunyaball declares Catalonia as the first state in a new Federal Spanish Republic. He didn't declare that Federal Spanish Republic, some Spanish Historians see this as the 3rd Spanish Republic. This would be a mayor problem if a new spanish republic is declared in the future.
The Asturian Revolution
The Trubia ( Oviedo/ Grado), La Vega ( Oviedo) and Mieres Weapons Factories are sacked by the revolucionaries between the 5th and 10th of October, the revolucionaries advance towards Oviedo. In Ollionegro a battle occurs between the Second Spanish Republicball and the revolucionaries, which ends in a victory of the last.
The 11th of October the last Spanish Forces surrender in Ovierdo. The cities of Gijón (Gijónball) and Avilés ( Avilesball had fallen to the revolucionaries (but some parts of Gijón were still standing). The combat in Oviedo took place in the School and Theatre of Campoamor, the cathedral of Oviedo, the arms factory of La Vega ( previosly mentioned), the Covadonga Hotel, the University, the Bullring of Oviedo, the Diputación Building, the Hospicio, the water reserve and the Slaughterhouse.
The final stand
The coronel Juan Yagüe Blanco landed in the port of Gijón (el musel), José Solchaga Zala entered from Cantabria, Eduardo López Ochoa from Galicia and coronel Carlos Bosch Bosch from Castille entered the Asturian region with the purpose of crushing the revolt. All were under the command of who would become the caudille of Spain: Francisco Franco, general of the army and Manuel Goded from Madrid. Bosch entered from the south but never reached Oviedo, instead got stuck in the south. Ochoa and Yagüe entered Oviedo and retook the city in the name of the Second Spanish Republicball
Langreo, Avilés, Gijón, Pola de Siero, Oviedo, Grado, Mieres... all of the territory the revolution had ever stepped foot on was now covered in Castilian, Galician, Catalan and most importantly Asturian blood.
The revolution was used by the Popular Front, a coalition of left-wing parties that won the elections in 1936 and most importantly by the PCE ( Communist Party of Spain) as propaganda. They made promises of freeing the inprisioned generals and soldiers which they partially did.
In the Spanish civil war of the 36', Asturiasball found himself with his Cantabric brothers ( Basqueball, Cantabriaball while also fighting their other brothers (Galiciaball (Spain), Leonball, Castileball). Oviedo revolted and stayed with the nationals until the month before Asturias surrendered it was taken. A few days later it was retaken by the Nationalist Forces. Asturias was the last bastion of republicanisim in north spain. All of their brothers had been killed or "converted" into the Nationalist side. Asturias felt in Mid February 1937.
Most of the dead bodies left by the Civil War were tranported to the "Valley of the fallen" a molument to the deaths in the civil war build by war prisoners. This doesn't mean that all went there, a significant mayority of Asturian bodies ended in common pits with almost no separation between bodies.
Opression was hard during the ditadorship but finnally in 1975 Franco died.
In 1979 the first elections were held in Spain, which ended in a national victory of the "Union of Democratic Center" (UCD in spanish) but in Asturias both in the 1979 and 1982 elections the PSOE (Spanish Socialist Worker's Party) won. In 1982 Asturias was given a high autonomy and the title of Principality , which meant that the daughter/son of every king born in the new constitucional parlimentary kingdom would take the title of Prince or Princess of Asturias. The autonomy status was expanded in 1991, 1994 and 1999. About 20% of Asturians can speak perfectly Asturian 45% knows some vocabulary and 65% uses some form of the Asturian Castillian dialect in their daily lives.
The asturian socialist movement is the main political movement in Asturias to this day. Socialists in Asturias nowdays use a version of the flag of Asturiasball with a red star in the northwest corner.
There are 3 candidates for the title of official flag: the flag of the CNT (CNTball), the red flag or a flag of asturias with a shovel and spout.