Beihanball or Bayhanball, officially the Emirate of Beihanball, was a state in the British Aden Protectorateball and the Federation of South Arabiaball. Its capital was Suq Abdullaball, now called Beihan. The Emirate was abolished in 1967 upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemenball and is now part of the Republic of Yemenball.
Beihan is a valley connected between Al-Baidhaball in the north-west, Ma'ribball in the east and Ataqball in the south. It is a fertile valley irrigated by water streams fall from the northern mountains as well as from the dug wells. The main cultivated crops are dates, cereals and citrus and people depend on livestock to a large extent to survive. Nonetheless, people increasingly adopt trade and exchange commerce; in addition to incorporate to the government business.
Bayhan valley historically had several main groups. The Musabeinball Tribe living in the south which was dominated by Al-Salehball (Ahmed Saif tribe) and the Alfatimaball (Naji Alawi tribe). These two factions were engaged in constant feuds. Historically the middle of the valley was populated by the Al-Habieli family, descendants of the Prophet, who arrived in the valley in the late 1600s. They had been sent by the Imam of Yemenball to protect the trade routes.
The Al-Habieli family are direct descendants of the first, al Hadi Yahya bin Hussein, and seventh, Qassim al Mansur bin Abdullah, Imams of Sana'a.
The north of the valley was dominated by the Balharithball Tribe who were also continuously fighting one another as to who was their paramount sheik and like the Masabin also split into 2 main branches.