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Cumansball was a Turkic nomad country defeated by Mongol Empire-icon Mongol Empireball in the early 13th century.

History

It is unknown exactly where Cumans-icon Cumansball was born, but he was of Turkic nomad. During the early 11th century, he began conquering clay from Pechenegsball and soon defeated them. They also conquered Romania-icon Romaniaball.  At the height of his power in the early 13th century he owned much of the clay that now belongs to Russia-icon Russiaball. He was then swiftly defeated by Mongol Empire-icon Mongol Empireball, reducing him to a minor figure in history. Some Cumanballs fled into Kingdom of Hungary-icon Kingdom of Hungaryball, adopting Roman Catholicism and eventually getting absorbed by the Hungarian population. The last speakers of the Cuman language (which was a Turkic language of the Kipchak branch) died somewhere in the 17th or 18th century AD.

Unlike many other Turks, Cumans-icon Cumans had European-ish appearance, which was likely because of intermixing with Russians or even earlier Indo-European groups like the Scythians. The Cumans were called "Polovtsy" by the Russians. Polovtsy means "pale people" in Russian.


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