The Falklands War was a 10-week undeclared war between Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball and UK-icon.png UKball over control of the two English-icon.png British dependent territories in the South Atlantic Ocean; Falklands-icon.png Falkland Islands and the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon.png South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsball.

The conflict began on 2 April, when Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball invaded and occupied the Falklands-icon.png Falkland Islands, followed by the invasion of the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon.png South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsball the next day, in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them. On 5 April, the UK-icon.png British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentina-icon.png Argentine Navy and Air Force before making an amphibious assault on the Falklands-icon.pngSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon.png islands. The conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentina-icon.png Argentine surrender on 14 June, returning the islands to UK-icon.png British control. In total, 649 Argentina-icon.png Argentine military personnel, 255 English-icon.png British military personnel, and three Falklands-icon.png Falkland Islanders died during the hostilities.

History

Discovery & Disputes

UK-icon.png UKball was probably not the first one to discover the Falklands, but he was the first one to write it down. He found it to be cold, wet, and miserable, just like home. So he created a colony in 1765, unaware that Kingdom of France-icon.png Franceball had also discovered the island, and done the same a year earlier. For a while, the two countryballs were unaware of eachothers existence on the island, until there was an awkward moment where they ran into each other.

Then one day Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball showed up, and told Kingdom of France-icon.png Franceball that a couple hundred years ago, the Pope drew a line on a map of the Americas and said that the East belongs to Portuguese Empire-icon.png Kingdom of Portugalball, and the West belongs to Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball, and that the island was in Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spainball's territory, and asked for her settlement. Since they were good friends, and Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spainball was willing to pay her, Kingdom of France-icon.png Franceball obliged, but warned her about UK-icon.png UKball living on the other side of the island.

Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spainball went to UK-icon.png UKball's settlement, and explained the Pope. However, UK-icon.png UKball refused to leave, and stated the Falkland Islands belonged to him. Since they had more guns, Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spainball kicked him off anyway, but then UK-icon.png UKball threatened to go to war. With no help from Kingdom of France-icon.png Franceball, Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spainball gave him back his settlement, and continued to argue with him about who the island belonged to. Then some ColAmerica-icon.png colonies in the new world got a bit Separatism-icon.png rowdy, so UK-icon.png UKball had to leave his settlement to go take care of that, but left behind a plaque that said the island was still his.

So the island was in Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spainball's hands, until a Napoleonic-icon.png french guy turned on Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spainball, took over most of their country, and captured King Ferdinand VII. In response, many of her children in South America began vying for independence. So Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spainball had a little bit on her hands, and had to leave the settlement. For a couple decades, the islands were left uninhabited, except for the penguins, some fishermen, and the argentine Gauchos.

Vernet and the American Ships

A merchant from Hamburg, living in the now-independent United Provinces of Rio de la Plata-icon.png United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, heard about the feral cattle roaming the Falklands, and thought it would be a good way to make some money. So he got permission from both Provincia de Buenos Aires-icon.png Buenos Airesball and UK-icon.png UKball to set up trade there as a 'private venture'.

Some of USA-icon (1820-1879 Soldier).png America's ships then came down and started hunting whales and seals around the islands, and Vernet wasn't too happy about it. So he asked Provincia de Buenos Aires-icon.png Buenos Airesball for some military assistance in defending the island, but Provincia de Buenos Aires-icon.png Buenos Airesball told him to do it himself, gave him some weapons, and appointed him governor of the island.

Vernet seized the USA-icon (1820-1879 Soldier).png USball ships, and arrested their crews. In response, USA-icon (1820-1879 Soldier).png America came down and destroyed his settlement. UK-icon.png UKball also heard about Vernet being appointed governor, meaning the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata-icon.png United Provincesball, actually now the Argentine Confederation-icon.png Argentine Confederationball, were officially claiming the island as theirs. So UK-icon.png UKball went back to the Falkland Islands, told them about their plaque, and kicked them off the island. UK-icon.png UKball had complete control over the English-icon.png Falkland Islands, and officially made it a Falklands-icon.png crown colony in 1840.

The War

The Invasion

Now it's the year of 1976, and after a couple civil wars, a new brutal Military-icon.png Dictator-icon.png military dictatorship, sponsored by the US fight against communism, has taken control of Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball, and by 1981, this guy was in power. Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball's economy had been struggling for a long time, and Galtieri had been unable to improve the situation. Now if you ever find yourself a brutal military dictator of a struggling South American country, and you start getting into hot water, here's a bit of advice that has been tried and tested throughout the centuries: Start a war to distract everyone from their miseries!

Galtieri knew how popular he would be if he could finally take back Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball's Tierra del Fuego-icon.png Malvinasball (Falklands-icon.png Falklandsball in English) from UK-icon.png UKball. There had been proposals to cut UK-icon.png British military spending, and the ice patrol vessel HMS Endurance had been withdrawn from the area so Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball assumed that UK-icon.png UKball may not even bother doing anything about the invasion. After easily capturing the largely-uninhabited South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon.png South Georgia Islandball, Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball sent Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png 600 troops to the Falklands-icon.png Falklandsball. The small number of Kingdom of Great Britain-icon.png Royal Marines and UK-icon (modern soldier).png other British Forces stationed there put up a small amount of resistance, but in the end, had to surrender to Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png Argentinaball's larger force.

British Reaction

Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball celebrated the news, but they were wrong to assume that UK-icon.png UKball would not do anything, because the person in charge of the UK-icon.png UKball at the time was this lady. Thatcher was a somewhat controversial prime minister, but whether you loved her or hated her, there was no denying she was tough like metal, iron for example (The Iron Lady).

UK-icon.png UKball immediately declared an exclusion zone around the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon.png Falklands-icon.png islands, and organised for a task force of over Kingdom of Great Britain-icon.png 100 ships to set sail for the Falklands-icon.png Falklandsball. UN-icon.png UNball expressed concern at the Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png Argentine invasion. All UNASUR-icon.png South American nations, apart from Chile-icon.png Chileball, backed Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball, and since USA-icon.png USAball propped up the Dictator-icon.png Argentine dictatorship, he asked UK-icon.png UKball if they could maybe just give Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball the Falklands-icon.png islands. When UK-icon.png UKball denied the idea, USA-icon.png USAball decided to just follow UK-icon.png UKball and gave him some Military-icon.png weapons and USA-icon (1980).png military support.

Sea battles

Fighting a war over 8000 miles from home was a logistical challenge for UK-icon.png UKball. He requisitioned civilian cruise ships and containers, and used English-icon.png British-owned Ascension Islandball as a forward base. By the time they arrived at Falklands-icon.png Falklandsball in May, Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball had time to entrench themselves. The first task for UK-icon.png UKball was to gain control of the sea, which they did easily. During the 2nd of May, UK-icon.png UKball sank an argentine cruiser, which was controversial, as it occured outside the UK-icon.png British Exclusion Zone. In response, Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball's navy withdrew from the island.

Air superiority

The next task was for UK-icon.png UKball to gain air superiority. While Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball's Air force controlled the skies, they were able to inflict considerable damage on the Kingdom of Great Britain-icon.png Royal Navy below. Days after the sinking of the General Belgrano, two Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png Argentine Super Étendards carried out a raid on the HMS Sheffield , and sank it with an Exocet missile. For weeks, the Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png Argentine Air Force would continue to carry out raids and inflict heavy casualties on the Kingdom of Great Britain-icon.png Royal Navy, with Kingdom of Great Britain-icon.png British Sea Harriers doing their best to take out as many of the Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png Argentinaball Aircraft as they could. While the battle in the skies raged on, San Carlos was chosen as the best landing site for UK-icon.png UKball's ground forces. An SAS raid took out Argentine defences in Pebble Island, and the HMS Alacrity sailed through Falklands-icon.png Falklandsball down to flush out any Argentina-icon.png Argentine supply ships.

The landings began on May 21st, with Argentine aircraft carrying out full-scale raids on the task force ships taking part in the landing, damaging several, and sinking a few. However, anti aircraft cannons and sea Harriers shot down many of the aircraft in what became a major turning point for air superiority, and the beach head was successfully formed.

Ground battles

The UK-icon (modern soldier).png ground troops began their movement out of San Carlos, across the North towards Stanley , and South toward the Argentina-icon.png Argentine Stronghold at Goose Green. In the following battles, a clear trend emerged. Argentina's conscripts put up a good fight, and with the rough, muddy terrain, the war was by no means easy for UK-icon.png UKball. With highly skilled Kingdom of Great Britain-icon.png Royal Marine Commanders and Parachute Regiment troops however, Britain would often find himself taking on larger numbers of Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png Argentinaball's soldiers, and would still come out victorious with minimal casualties.

The 14 hour long Battle for Goose Green commenced on the night of May 28th. The battle ended with a decisive UK-icon (modern soldier).png British victory, with over 900 of Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png Argentinaball's troops surrendering. Then, with 5000 reinforcements arriving from the 5th infantry brigade, UK-icon.png UKball started preparing for his final assult on Stanley. In a series of hard-fought battles, he took control of the hills and mountains surrounding the town. As Argentina-icon (modern soldier).png Argentinaball forces withdrew, with Kingdom of Great Britain-icon.png British ships shelling their positions from offshore, utterly surrounded, on the 14th of June, Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball surrendered, and the war was over.

It's known that UK-icon.png UKball attacked the "continental Argentina" in Comodoro Rivadavia with three british commands, but he was defeated by Argentina-icon.png Argie when two soldiers that saw them before they could do anything attacked them and all the brits (12-14 soldiers) were taken as prisoners when the reinforcements arrived. This isn't very well known because the soldiers were ordered to don't tell anything about it, but with the fall of the junta it was told.

Aftermath

The two month-long war claimed hundreds of lives, and left the islands strewn with minefields that still pose a problem today. Though Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball still claims the islands, a referendum in 2013 was held, and the islanders vote 99.8% in favor of remaining UK-icon.png British. Plus, oil was just found near the islands, so Britain probably won't give them up anytime soon.

Sources


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