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The Falklands War was a 10-week undeclared war between Argentina-icon Argentinaball and UK-icon UKball over control of the two English-icon British dependent territories in the South Atlantic Ocean; Falklands-icon Falkland Islands and the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsball.

The conflict began on 2 April, when Argentina-icon Argentinaball invaded and occupied the Falklands-icon Falkland Islands, followed by the invasion of the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsball the next day, in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them. On 5 April, the UK-icon British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentina-icon Argentine Navy and Air Force before making an amphibious assault on the Falklands-iconSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon islands. The conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentina-icon Argentine surrender on 14 June, returning the islands to UK-icon British control. In total, 649 Argentina-icon Argentine military personnel, 255 English-icon British military personnel, and three Falklands-icon Falkland Islanders died during the hostilities.

History

Discovery & Disputes

UK-icon UKball was probably not the first one to discover the Falklands, but he was the first one to write it down. He found it to be cold, wet, and miserable, just like home. So he created a colony in 1765, unaware that Kingdom of France-icon Franceball had also discovered the island, and done the same a year earlier. For a while, the two countryballs were unaware of eachothers existence on the island, until there was an awkward moment where they ran into each other.

Then one day Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball showed up, and told Kingdom of France-icon Franceball that a couple hundred years ago, the Pope drew a line on a map of the Americas and said that the East belongs to Portuguese Empire-icon Kingdom of Portugalball, and the West belongs to Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball, and that the island was in Spanish-Empire-icon Spainball's territory, and asked for her settlement. Since they were good friends, and Spanish-Empire-icon Spainball was willing to pay her, Kingdom of France-icon Franceball obliged, but warned her about UK-icon UKball living on the other side of the island.

Spanish-Empire-icon Spainball went to UK-icon UKball's settlement, and explained the Pope. However, UK-icon UKball refused to leave, and stated the Falkland Islands belonged to him. Since they had more guns, Spanish-Empire-icon Spainball kicked him off anyway, but then UK-icon UKball threatened to go to war. With no help from Kingdom of France-icon Franceball, Spanish-Empire-icon Spainball gave him back his settlement, and continued to argue with him about who the island belonged to. Then some ColAmerica-icon colonies in the new world got a bit Separatism-icon rowdy, so UK-icon UKball had to leave his settlement to go take care of that, but left behind a plaque that said the island was still his.

So the island was in Spanish-Empire-icon Spainball's hands, until a Napoleonic-icon french guy turned on Spanish-Empire-icon Spainball, took over most of their country, and captured King Ferdinand VII. In response, many of her children in South America began vying for independence. So Spanish-Empire-icon Spainball had a little bit on her hands, and had to leave the settlement. For a couple decades, the islands were left uninhabited, except for the penguins, some fishermen, and the Gauchos.

Vernet and the American Ships

A merchant from Hamburg, living in the now-independent United Provinces of Rio de la Plata-icon United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, heard about the feral cattle roaming the Falklands, and thought it would be a good way to make some money. So he got permission from both Provincia de Buenos Aires-icon Buenos Airesball and UK-icon UKball to set up trade there as a 'private venture'.

Some of USA-icon (1820-1879 Soldier) America's ships then came down and started hunting whales and seals around the islands, and Vernet wasn't too happy about it. So he asked Provincia de Buenos Aires-icon Buenos Airesball for some military assistance in defending the island, but Provincia de Buenos Aires-icon Buenos Airesball told him to do it himself, gave him some weapons, and appointed him governor of the island.

Vernet seized the USA-icon (1820-1879 Soldier) USball ships, and arrested their crews. In response, USA-icon (1820-1879 Soldier) America came down and destroyed his settlement. UK-icon UKball also heard about Vernet being appointed governor, meaning the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata-icon United Provincesball, actually now the Argentine Confederation-icon Argentine Confederationball, were officially claiming the island as theirs. So UK-icon UKball went back to the Falkland Islands, told them about their plaque, and kicked them off the island. UK-icon UKball had complete control over the English-icon Falkland Islands, and officially made it a Falklands-icon crown colony in 1840.

The War

The Invasion

Now it's the year of 1976, and after a couple civil wars, a new brutal Military-icon Dictator-icon military dictatorship, sponsored by the US fight against communism, has taken control of Argentina-icon Argentinaball, and by 1981, this guy was in power. Argentina-icon Argentinaball's economy had been struggling for a long time, and Galtieri had been unable to improve the situation. Now if you ever find yourself a brutal military dictator of a struggling South American country, and you start getting into hot water, here's a bit of advice that has been tried and tested throughout the centuries: Start a war to distract everyone from their miseries!

Galtieri knew how popular he would be if he could finally take back Argentina-icon Argentinaball's Tierra del Fuego-icon Malvinasball (Falklands-icon Falklandsball in English) from UK-icon UKball. There had been proposals to cut UK-icon British military spending, and the ice patrol vessel HMS Endurance had been withdrawn from the area so Argentina-icon Argentinaball assumed that UK-icon UKball may not even bother doing anything about the invasion. After easily capturing the largely-uninhabited South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon South Georgia Islandball, Argentina-icon Argentinaball sent Argentina-icon (modern soldier) 600 troops to the Falklands-icon Falklandsball. The small number of Kingdom of Great Britain-icon Royal Marines and UK-icon (modern soldier) other British Forces stationed there put up a small amount of resistance, but in the end, had to surrender to Argentina-icon (modern soldier) Argentinaball's larger force.

British Reaction

Argentina-icon Argentinaball celebrated the news, but they were wrong to assume that UK-icon UKball would not do anything, because the person in charge of the UK-icon UKball at the time was this lady. Thatcher was a somewhat controversial prime minister, but whether you loved her or hated her, there was no denying she was tough like metal, iron for example (The Iron Lady).

UK-icon UKball immediately declared an exclusion zone around the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands-icon Falklands-icon islands, and organised for a task force of over Kingdom of Great Britain-icon 100 ships to set sail for the Falklands-icon Falklandsball. UN-icon UNball expressed concern at the Argentina-icon (modern soldier) Argentine invasion. All UNASUR-icon South American nations, apart from Chile-icon Chileball, backed Argentina-icon Argentinaball, and since USA-icon USAball propped up the Dictator-icon Argentine dictatorship, he asked UK-icon UKball if they could maybe just give Argentina-icon Argentinaball the Falklands-icon islands. When UK-icon UKball denied the idea, USA-icon USAball decided to just follow UK-icon UKball and gave him some Military-icon weapons and USA-icon (1980) military support.

Sea battles

Fighting a war over 8000 miles from home was a logistical challenge for UK-icon UKball. He requisitioned civilian cruise ships and containers, and used English-icon British-owned Ascension Islandball as a forward base. By the time they arrived at Falklands-icon Falklandsball in May, Argentina-icon Argentinaball had time to entrench themselves. The first task for UK-icon UKball was to gain control of the sea, which they did easily. During the 2nd of May, UK-icon UKball sank an argentine cruiser, which was controversial, as it occured outside the UK-icon British Exclusion Zone. In response, Argentina-icon Argentinaball's navy withdrew from the island.

Air superiority

The next task was for UK-icon UKball to gain air superiority. While Argentina-icon Argentinaball's Air force controlled the skies, they were able to inflict considerable damage on the Kingdom of Great Britain-icon Royal Navy below. Days after the sinking of the General Belgrano, two Argentina-icon (modern soldier) Argentine Super Étendards carried out a raid on the HMS Sheffield , and sank it with an Exocet missile. For weeks, the Argentina-icon (modern soldier) Argentine Air Force would continue to carry out raids and inflict heavy casualties on the Kingdom of Great Britain-icon Royal Navy, with Kingdom of Great Britain-icon British Sea Harriers doing their best to take out as many of the Argentina-icon (modern soldier) Argentinaball Aircraft as they could. While the battle in the skies raged on, San Carlos was chosen as the best landing site for UK-icon UKball's ground forces. An SAS raid took out Argentine defences in Pebble Island, and the HMS Alacrity sailed through Falklands-icon Falklandsball down to flush out any Argentina-icon Argentine supply ships.

The landings began on May 21st, with Argentine aircraft carrying out full-scale raids on the task force ships taking part in the landing, damaging several, and sinking a few. However, anti aircraft cannons and sea Harriers shot down many of the aircraft in what became a major turning point for air superiority, and the beach head was successfully formed.

Ground battles

The UK-icon (modern soldier) ground troops began their movement out of San Carlos, across the North towards Stanley , and South toward the Argentina-icon Argentine Stronghold at Goose Green. In the following battles, a clear trend emerged. Argentina's conscripts put up a good fight, and with the rough, muddy terrain, the war was by no means easy for UK-icon UKball. With highly skilled Kingdom of Great Britain-icon Royal Marine Commanders and Parachute Regiment troops however, Britain would often find himself taking on larger numbers of Argentina-icon (modern soldier) Argentinaball's soldiers, and would still come out victorious with minimal casualties.

The 14 hour long Battle for Goose Green commenced on the night of May 28th. The battle ended with a decisive UK-icon (modern soldier) British victory, with over 900 of Argentina-icon (modern soldier) Argentinaball's troops surrendering. Then, with 5000 reinforcements arriving from the 5th infantry brigade, UK-icon UKball started preparing for his final assult on Stanley. In a series of hard-fought battles, he took control of the hills and mountains surrounding the town. As Argentina-icon (modern soldier) Argentinaball forces withdrew, with Kingdom of Great Britain-icon British ships shelling their positions from offshore, utterly surrounded, on the 14th of June, Argentina-icon Argentinaball surrendered, and the war was over.

Aftermath

The two month-long war claimed hundreds of lives, and left the islands strewn with minefields that still pose a problem today. Though Argentina-icon Argentinaball still claims the islands, a referendum in 2013 was held, and the islanders vote 99.8% in favor of remaining UK-icon British. Plus, oil was just found near the islands, so Britain probably won't give them up anytime soon.

Sources



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