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The Levant Crisis was an event between French and British troops in 1945 just before the end of World War II. It resulted in Syria's independence and French withdrawl from Syria.

Major Battles/Events

  • May 19 Demonstrations (1945) - Syrian Nationalists in Damascus fired upon the French hospital, injuring 12 before French guards chased them off. (Syrian Victory)
  • May 29 Retaliations (1945) - French soldiers stormed the Syrian Parliament Building and tried to arrest the President and the speaker, but both managed to escape. The French soldiers then burned and bombarded the building, then cut off electricity to the whole of Damascus. In the meanwhile Syrian borders with Iraq, Jordan, and Lebanon were sealed and French troops started to bomb, shell, and loot Syrian villages. (French Victory)
  • British Intervention (1945) - On June 1 British troops entered Syria through Jordan after a ceasefire note was sent to the French, but ignored. After encountering the majority of the French troops in Damascus, the British ordered a ceasefire, and were refused. Eventually realizing that they were outgunned and outnumbered, the French forces were ordered to retreat to the Syrian coast. Later that night any remaining French in Damascus were killed by Syrian Nationalists or killed by British soldiers. The rest of the French forces were escorted by gunpoint by the British to their barracks. The next day the French arranged the ceasefire that helped end the crisis. (British/Syrian Victory)

Peace Treaty

The peace treaty stated that Syria must gain its independence, France must withdraw its troops from Syria, and a ceasefire was to remain.

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