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Firme y feliz por la unión
I cannot say I enjoyed the very little I saw of Peru: in summer, however, it is said that the climate is much pleasanter.
 
UK-icon Charles Darwin
Few romances can ever surpass that of the granite citadel on top of the beetling precipices of Machu Picchu, the crown of Inca Land.
 
Connecticut-icon Hiram Bingham III
little by little, one walks far
 
Peru-icon Peruvian proverb
Somos libres, seamoslo siempre, seamoslo siempre! Y ante niege, sus luces, sus luces, sus luces el sol!
 
— Peruvians proudly singing their national anthem

Peruball, officially the Republic of Peruball, is a sovereign countryball in western South America. Its closest neighbors are Brazil-icon Brazilball to the east, Colombia-icon Colombiaball to the north, Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball to the northwest, Chile-icon Chileball to the south, Bolivia-icon Boliviaball to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The country is divided into 24 departments (25 if you include Callaoball into the list), including his capital, Lima-icon Limaball (which has 18 districts), giving him a total area of 496,200 square miles, making him the third largest country in South America, and the 19th in the world. With a total population of about 32.97 million as of 2019, he ranks as the 42rd most populous country in the world.

He currently maintains an active membership in OAS-icon OASball, UNASUR-icon UNASURball, Pacific Alliance-icon Pacific Allianceball, and of course UN-icon UNball like most other nations.

As it was said before, Peruball is a countryball that have been almost always betrayed in many conflicts, it has been tried to be invaded by its neighbourhood several times, he thinks it is because has he is one of the richest countries in resources in the world. That has caused some distrust in him, but still being a hospitable, kind and happy countryball. Still, he gets annoyed when people call him Canada and when Chile is around (but they basically still have a feeling of brotherhood among them).

Nowadays he welcomes Venezuelan refugees (chamos) and immigrants to live in his clay. His national day is July 28th and his astrological sign is Cancer.

Personality

Peruball is kind, hardworking, rich and stronk, he usually makes many friends among the world. He is kind of smart and likes agriculture. He also takes religion far too seriously. since, he loves going to the church.

He hates communists since the 80's even though he is a member of the non-aligned movement since a long time ago, he was also abused by his dad Spain (Even thought he considers him his most trusted son in that time.) but he got away with it after his independence.

He gets triggered when people call him Canada-icon Canadaball without the maple leaf or when people say that Chileball is better than him.

History

10360951 757394970983141 8641655569457643686 n

A short history of Peru

3-icon Early history (3ball, Kingdom of Cuzcoball, Kingdom of Huari, Inca Empireball)

*opens book*

The history of this nation is not so known by most people, the history of Peruball is of very large, ranging from an unknown date BC to 2018 and is also not so known since no European had touched the Americas no other than Spanish-Empire-icon Christopher Columbus, he tried to go to India using a method that surpassed the Atlantic Ocean and entered the Pacific Ocean (which is the reason the Suez Canal was built), if the Americas did not exist he would have died but in this case Cuba-icon Cubaball's clay saved his life and he explored the island of Cubaball at one point that he colonized most of the Caribbean.

Before that, there are three theories of how 1-icon 1balls reached Peruball's clay.

One is that the Qing-icon Chinese and Malaysia-icon Malaysians  and Peruball's coast  are so many Chinese Peruvians around there, another one claims that Antarctica-icon Antarcticaball almost anschlussed all of used to border Tasmania-icon Tasmaniaball so people went through Antarctica-icon Antarticaball and reached what is now, the Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego-icon Tierra del Fuegoball and Magallanes-icon Magallanesball. (Owned by Chileball and Argentinaball) and the most famous one, claims that the Tsardom of Russia-icon Russians passed through the Bering Strait during the ice age and arrived to Peru following the Andes Mountains and started to live there but the ice age ended and some evolution happens so now 1-icon 1balls (now proud 3-icon 3balls) have to live in a continent that nobody knows about... until 1492.

Hunting tools dating back to more than 11,000 years ago have been found inside the caves of Pachacamac, Telarmachay, Junin and Lauricocha. Some of the oldest civilizations appeared circa 6000 BC in the coastal provinces of Chilcaball and Paracasball, and in the highland province of Callejón de Huaylas. Over the following three thousand years, inhabitants switched from nomadic lifestyles to cultivating land, as evidence from sites such as Jiskairumoko, Kotosh and Huaca Prietademonstrates. Cultivation of plants such as corn and cotton began, as well as the domestication of animals such as the wild ancestors of the llama, the alpaca and the guinea pig, as seen in the 6000BC-dated Camelid relief paintings in the Mollepunko caves in Callalli. Inhabitants practiced spinning and knitting of cotton and wool, basketry and pottery.

As these inhabitants became sedentary, farming allowed them to build settlements and new societies emerged along the coast and in the Andean mountains. The first known city in the Americas was Caral, located in the Supe Valley200 km north of Lima. It was built in approximately 2500 BC.

What is left from the civilization, also called 3-icon Norte Chico Civilizationball, is about 30 pyramidal structures built up in receding terraces ending in a flat roof; some of them measured up to 20 meters in height. Caral is one of the world centers of the rise of civilization.

In the early 21st century, archeologists have discovered new evidence of ancient pre-Ceramic complex cultures. In 2005 Tom D. Dillehay and his team announced the discovery of three irrigation canals that were 5,400 years old, and a possible fourth that is 6,700 years old, all in the Zaña Valleyin northern Peru, evidence of community activity to support improved agriculture at a much earlier date than previously believed. In 2006, Robert Benfer and a research team discovered a 4,200-year-old observatory at Buena Vista, a site in the Andes several kilometers north of present-day Lima-icon Limaball. They believe the observatory was related to the society's reliance on agriculture and understanding the seasons. The site includes the oldest three-dimensional sculptures found thus far in South America. In 2007 the archeologist Walter Alva and his team found a 4,000-year-old temple with painted murals at Ventarrón, in the northwest Lambayeque region. The temple contained ceremonial offerings gained from exchange with Peru-icon Peruball's jungle societies, as well as those from Ecuador-iconEcuadorball's coast. Such finds show sophisticated, monumental construction requiring large-scale organization of labor, suggesting that hierarchical, complex cultures arose in South America much earlier than scholars had thought.

Many other civilizations developed and were absorbed by the most powerful ones such as Kotoshball, Chavinball, Paracasball, Limaball (Civilization), Nascaball, Mocheball, Tiwanakuball, Wariball, Lambayequeball (Civilization), Chimuand Chinchaball, among others. The Paracas culture emerged on the southern coast around 300 BC. They are known for their use of vicuña fibers instead of just cotton to produce fine textiles—innovations that did not reach the northern coast of Peru-icon Peruball until centuries later. Coastal cultures such as Mocheball and Nazcaball flourished from about 100 BC to about AD 700: Mocheball produced impressive metalwork, as well as some of the finest pottery seen in the ancient world, while Nazcaball is known for their textiles and the enigmatic Nazca lines.

These coastal cultures eventually began to decline as a result of recurring el Niño floods and droughts. In consequence, Huariball and Tiwanakuball, who dwelt inland in the Andes became the predominant cultures of the region encompassing much of modern-day Peru-icon Peruball and Bolivia-icon Boliviaball. They were succeeded by powerful city-states, such as Chancayball, Sipanball, and Cajamarcaball, and two empires: Chimorball and Chachapoyasball. These cultures developed relatively advanced techniques of cultivation, gold and silver craft, pottery, metallurgy, and knitting. Around 700 BC, they appear to have developed systems of social organization that were the precursors of the Inca-icon Inca Empireball.

In the highlands, both the Tiahuanaco culture, near Lake Titicaca in both Peru-icon Peruball and Bolivia-icon Boliviaball, and Wariball, near the present-day city of Ayacucho-icon Ayacuchoball, developed large urban settlements and wide-ranging state systems between 500 and 1000 AD.

Not all Andean cultures were willing to offer their loyalty to the Inca-icon Incas as the Incas expanded their empire, and many were openly hostile. The people of the Chachapoyas culture were an example of this, but the Inca-iconInca Empireball eventually conquered and anschlussed them

The Inca-icon Inca Empireball built the largest and most advanced empire and dynasty of pre-Columbian America. The Tahuantinsuyo—which is derived from Cuzco-icon Quechua for "The Four United Regions"—reached its greatest extension at the beginning of the 16th century. It dominated a territory that included (from north to south): the southwest part of Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball, part of Colombia-icon Colombiaball, the main territory of Peru-icon Peruball, the northern part of Chile-icon Chileball, and the northwest part of Argentina-icon Argentinaball; and from east to west, from the southwest part of Bolivia-icon Boliviaball to the Amazonian forests.

The empire originated from a tribe based in Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball, which became the capital. Pachacutec wasn't the first Inca-icon Inca, but he was the first ruler to considerably expand the boundaries of the Cuzco-icon Cuzco state- probably he could be compared to Alexander the Great (from Byzantine Empireball), Julius Caesar (of the SPQRball), Attila (from the Hunnic Empireball) and Genghis Khan (from the Mongol Empireball). His offspring later ruled an empire by both violent invasions and peaceful conquests- i.e. intermarriages among the rules of small kingdoms and the current Inca-icon Inca ruler.

In Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball, the royal city was created to resemble a cougar; the head, the main royal structure, formed what is now known as Sacsayhuamán. The Empire's administrative, political, and military center was located in Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball. The empire was divided into four quarters: Chinchaysuyu, Antisuyu, Kuntisuyu and Qullasuyu.

The official language was Cuzco-icon Quechua – imposed on the citizens. It was the language of a neighbouring tribe of the original tribe of the empire. Conquered populations—tribes, kingdoms, states, and cities—were allowed to practice their own religions and lifestyles, but had to recognize Inca-icon Inca cultural practices as superior to their own. Inti, the sun god, was to be worshipped as one of the most important gods of the empire. His representation on earth was the Inca-icon Inca ("Emperor").

The Tawantinsuyu was organized in dominions with a stratified society, in which the ruler was the Inca-icon Inca. It was also supported by an economy based on the collective property of the land.

Many unusual customs were observed, for example the extravagant feast of Inti Raymi which gave thanks to the God Sun, and the young women who were the Virgins of the Sun, sacrificial virgins devoted to the Inti. The empire, being quite large, also had an impressive transportation system of roads to all points of the empire called the Inca Trail, and chasquis, message carriers who relayed information from anywhere in the empire to Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball.

Machu Picchu (Quechua for "old peak"; sometimes called the "Lost City of the Incas") is a well-preserved pre-Columbian Inca ruin located on a high mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley, about 70 km (44 mi) northwest of Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball. Elevation measurements vary depending on whether the data refers to the ruin or the extremity of the mountain; Machu Picchu tourist information reports the elevation as 2,350 m (7,711 ft). Forgotten for centuries by the outside world, although not by locals, it was brought back to international attention by Yale archaeologist Hiram Bingham III, who rediscovered it in 1911 and wrote a best-selling work about it. Peru-icon Peruball is pursuing legal efforts to retrieve thousands of artifacts that Bingham removed from the site that are in possession at Yale. Bingham sold them to Yale.

Although Machu Picchu is by far the most well known internationally, Peru-icon Peruball boasts many other sites where the modern visitor can see extensive and well-preserved ruins, remnants of the Inca-icon Inca-period and even older constructions. Much of the Inca-icon Inca architecture and stonework found at these sites continues to confound archaeologists. For example, at Sacsaywaman in Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball the zig-zag-shaped walls are composed of massive boulders fitted very precisely to one another's irregular, angular shapes. No mortar holds them together, but nonetheless they have remained absolutely solid through the centuries, surviving earthquakes that flattened many of the colonial constructions of Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball. Damage to the walls visible today was mainly inflicted during battles between the Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball and Inca-icon Inca Empireball, as well as later, in the colonial era. As Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball grew, the walls of Sacsaywaman were partially dismantled, the site becoming a convenient source of construction materials for the city's newer inhabitants. It is still not known how these stones were shaped and smoothed, lifted on top of one another (they really are very massive), or fitted together by the Incas; we also do not know how they transported the stones to the site in the first place. The stone used is not native to the area and most likely came from mountains many kilometers away.

The glorious and legendary Inca-icon Inca Empireball conquered some tribes, extended his empire then conquered some tribes again but COULDN'T CONQUER A SINGLE PATAGONIAN TRIBE, in case you don't know who it was, he was Mapuche-icon Mapucheball, now you may be asking yourself why such a legendary and powerful empire couldn't kill off a single tribe on the Patagonia? Nobody knows, theres a theory that claim that the mapuche were Britons in disguise, meaning that Britain discovered America, Illuminati-icon Trilluminati!!!! The reason is currently unknown and that question doesn't really matter so yeah.
Obliterador-Inca

Native Americans, reunite to restore Empire of Inca!

There was a famine on 1525 and later a civil war between the two brothers Atahualpa and Huascar who both wanted to become the next ruler of the empire since their father (who was the emperor before this all happened) died, but we'll get into that later.

As the civil war advanced, Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball expanded their colonial empire up to most of modern-day Colombia-icon Colombiaball.

Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish colonization era (Viceroyalty of Peruball)

When Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball landed in 1531, Peru-icon Peruball's territory was the nucleus of the highly developed Inca civilization. Centered at Cuzco, Inca-icon Inca Empireball extended over a vast region, stretching from southwest Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball to northern Chile-icon Chileball.

Spanish-Empire-icon Francisco Pizarro and his brothers were attracted by the news of Inca-icon a rich and fabulous kingdom. In 1532, they arrived in the country, which they called Peru. (The forms BiruPirú, and Berú are also seen in early records.) According to Raúl Porras Barrenechea, Peru is not a Quechuan nor Caribbean word, but Indo-Hispanic or hybrid.

In the years between 1524 and 1526, the European germ smallpox, introduced from the conquistadores in Panama-icon Panamaball and preceding the Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish conquerors in Peruball through transmission among natives, had swept through Inca-icon Inca Empireball. Smallpox caused the death of the Inca-icon Incan ruler Huayna Capac as well as most of his family including his heir, caused the fall of the Inca-icon Incan political structure and contributed to the civil war between the brothers Atahualpa and Huáscar. Taking advantage of this, Pizarro carried out a coup d'état. On November 16, 1532, while the Atahualpa's victorious army was in an unarmed celebration in Cajamarca, the Spanish lured Inca Atahualpa into a trap during the Battle of Cajamarca. The well-armed 168 Spaniards killed thousands of barely armed Inca soldiers and captured the newly minted Inca-icon Inca ruler, causing a great consternation among the natives and conditioning the future course of the fight. When Huáscar was killed, Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball tried and convicted Atahualpa of the murder, executing him by strangulation.

For a period, Pizarro maintained the ostensible authority of the Inca-icon Inca, recognizing Túpac Huallpa as the Inca-icon Sapa Inca after Atahualpa's death. But the conqueror's abuses made this facade too obvious. Spanish domination consolidated itself as successive indigenous rebellions were bloodily repressed. By March 23, 1534, Pizarro and the Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish had re-founded the Inca city of Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball as a new Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish colonial settlement.

Establishing a stable colonial government was delayed for some time by native revolts and bands of the Conquistadores (led by Pizarro and Diego de Almagro) fighting among themselves. A long civil war developed, from which the Pizarros emerged victorious at the Battle of Las Salinas. In 1541, Pizarro was assassinated by a faction led by Diego de Almagro II (El Mozo), and the stability of the original colonial regime was shaken up in the ensuing civil war.

Despite this, the Spanish-Empire-icon Spaniards did not neglect the colonizing process. Its most significant milestone was the foundation of Lima-icon Limaball in January 1535, from which the political and administrative institutions were organized. The new rulers instituted an encomienda system, by which the Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish extracted tribute from the local population, part of which was forwarded to Seville in return for converting the natives to Christianity. Title to the land itself remained with the king of Spain-icon Spain. As governor of Spanish-Empire-icon Peruball, Pizarro used the encomienda system to grant virtually unlimited authority over groups of 3-icon 3balls to his soldier companions, thus forming the colonial land-tenure structure. The 3-icon indigenous inhabitants of Spanish-Empire-icon Peruball were now expected to raise Old World cattle, poultry, and crops for their landlords. Resistance was punished severely, giving rise to the "Black Legend".

The necessity of consolidating Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish royal authority over these territories led to the creation of a Real Audiencia (Royal Audience). The following year, in 1542, the Spanish-Empire-icon Viceroyalty of Peruball (Virreinato del Perúbola) was established, with authority over most of Spanish-ruled South America. (Colombiaball, Ecuadorball, Panamáball and Venezuelaball were split off as the Viceroyalty of New Granadaball (Virreinato de Nueva Granadabola) in 1717; and Argentinaball, Boliviaball, Paraguayball, and Uruguayball were set up as the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plataball in 1776).

After Pizarro's death, there were numerous internal problems, and Spain-icon Spainball finally sent Blasco Núñez Vela to be Peruball's first viceroy in 1544. He was later killed by Pizarro's brother, Gonzalo Pizarro, but a new viceroy, Pedro de la Gasca, eventually managed to restore order. He captured and executed Gonzalo Pizarro.

The Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball created the Spanish-Empire-icon Viceroyalty of Peruball, which was reorganized after the arrival of Viceroy Francisco de Toledo in 1572. He anschlussed Neo-Inca Stateball and executed Tupac Amaru I. He also sought economic development through commercial monopoly and mineral extraction, mainly from the silver mines of Potosí. He reused the Inca-icon Inca mita, a forced labor program, to mobilize native communities for mining work. This organization transformed Peruball into the main source of Spanish wealth and power in South America.

Nevertheless, throughout the eighteenth century, further away from Lima-icon Limaball in the provinces, Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball did not have complete control. Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball could not govern the provinces without the help of local elite. This local elite, who governed under the title of Curaca, took pride in their Inca-icon Incan history. Additionally, throughout the eighteenth century, 3-icon indigenous people rebelled against the Spanish. Two of the most important rebellions were that of Juan Santos Atahualpa in 1742 in the Andean jungle provinces of Tarma and Jauja, and Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II in 1780 around the highlands near Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball.

On October 28, 1746, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake struck and destroyed Lima and the port of Callao-icon Callaoball, causing a tsunami on the coast of Lima-icon Limaball, this is one of the most stronkest earthquakes recorded ever.

In 1808, Napoleonic-icon Napoleon invaded the Spanish-Empire-iconPortuguese Empire-icon Iberian Peninsula and took the king, King-icon Ferdinand VII, hostage. Later in 1812, the Cadíz Cortes, the national legislative assembly of Spain, promulgated a liberal Constitution of Cadiz. These events inspired emancipating ideas between the Spanish-icon Spanish Criollo people throughout the Spanish America. On Peru-icon Peruball's clay, The Creole rebellion of Huánuco arose in 1812 and the rebellion of Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball arose between 1814 and 1816. Despite these rebellions, the Criollo oligarchy in Peruball remained mostly Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish loyalist, which accounts for the fact that the Spanish-Empire-icon Viceroyalty of Peruball became the last redoubt of the Spanish dominion in South America.

Protectorate of Peru-icon Achievement of Independence (Protectorate of Peruball, Republic of Peruball)

Peruball's movement toward independence was launched by an uprising of Spanish-American landowners and their forces, led by José de San Martín of United Provinces of Rio de la Plata-icon Argentinaball and Simón Bolívar of Gran Colombia-icon Venezuelaball. San Martín, who had displaced the royalists of Patria Vieja-icon Chileball after the Battle of Chacabuco, and who had disembarked in Paracas in 1819, led the military campaign of 4,200 soldiers. The expedition which included warships was organized and financed by Patria Vieja-icon Chileball which sailed from Valparaíso (city)-icon Valparaísoball in August 1820.

During the 1740s-1810s there were revolts on Lima-icon Limaball and other cities wanting independence, there were also rebellions led by 4balls across the country.

The revolts and rebellions would become part of the Spanish American wars of independence after United Provinces of Rio de la Plata-icon Jose de San Martin proclaimed Protectorate of Peru-icon Peruball's independence on July 28, 1821 with the words "... From this moment on, Peru is free and independent, by the general will of the people and the justice of its cause that God defends. Long live the homeland! Long live freedom! Long live our independence!"".

Still, the situation remained changing and emancipation was only completed by December 1824, when General Antonio José de Sucre defeated Zona sublevada-icon (soldier) Spanish troops at the Battle of Ayacucho. The victory brought about political independence, but there remained indigenous and mestizo supporters of the monarchy and in Huanta Province, they rebelled 1825–28 in violence sometimes called the war of the punas or the Huanta Rebellion.

Spainball made futile attempts to regain its former colonies, such as at the Battle of Callao, and only in 1879 finally recognized Peru-icon Peruball's independence.

*closes book*

*opens another one*

After independence, Peruball and its neighbors engaged in intermittent territorial disputes. Peruball asked Bolivia-icon Boliviaball if he wanted to be part of him (Bolivia used to be named "Alto Perú" or "High Peru"), but he said "Only if we form a confederation" which Peruball agreed, creating the Peru-Bolivian Confederation-icon Peru-Bolivian Confederationball, however Chile-icon ChileballArgentine Confederation-icon Argentinaball and some Peruvian citizens didn't agree with this so they declared war on Peru-Bolivian Confederation-icon Peru-Boliviaball.

Peru-Bolivian Confederation-icon Peru-Boliviaball lost after three years of fighting on 1839, Peru and Bolivia-icon Boliviaball will become independent and Argentine Confederation-icon Argentinaball gained Jujuyball.

On 1864, Spain-icon Spainball tried to seize control of the Chincha Islands and regain control of their colonies by attacking Callao-icon Callaoball, however ​Bolivia-icon​​ Boliviaball, Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball and Chile-icon Chileball later joined the war, resulting again on a Peruvian victory (and Spain-icon Spainball finally recognizing Peruball).

Peru-icon Peruball embarked on a railroad-building program. The American entrepreneur Henry Meiggs built a standard gauge line from Callao-icon Callaoball across the Andes to the Interior, Huancayo-icon Huancayoball; striking for Cuzco-icon Cuzcoball he built the line and controlled its politics for a while; in the end he bankrupted himself and the country. President Tomás Guardia contracted with Meiggs in 1871 to build a railroad to the Atlantic. Financial problems forced the government to take over in 1874. The labor conditions were complex, with conflicts arising from different levels of skill and organization among the USA-icon North Americans, 2-icon Europeans, 8-icon blacks, and Qing-icon Chinese. Conditions were very brutal for the Qing-icon Chinese, and led to strikes and violent suppression.

During the 1870s, Bolivia-icon Boliviaball dragged Peruball into a war with Chile-icon Chileball since Peruball had signed a defence pact with Bolivia-icon Boliviaball however Bolivia-icon Boliviaball left Peruball alone and thus, Peruball lost, some of southern Peru is now a part of Chile-icon Chileball (RECUPERAREMOS ARICA, CHILENO.)

After the War of the Pacific, an extraordinary effort of rebuilding began. The government started to initiate a number of social and economic reforms in order to recover from the damage of the war. Political stability was achieved only in the early 1900s.

In 1894, Nicolás de Piérola, after allying his party with the Civil Party of Peru to organize guerrilla fighters to occupy Lima-icon Limaball, ousted Andrés Avelino Cáceres and once again became president of Peru-icon Peruball in 1895. After a brief period in which the military once again controlled the country, civilian rule was permanently established with Pierola's election in 1895. His second term was successfully completed in 1899 and was marked by his reconstruction of a devastated Peruball by initiating fiscal, military, and civil reforms. Until the 1920s, this period was called the "Aristocratic Republic", since most of the presidents were from the social elite.

During Augusto B. Leguía's periods in government [1908–1912 and 1919–1930, the latter known as the "Oncenio" (the "Eleventh")], the entrance of American capital became general and the bourgeoisie was favored. This policy, along with increased dependence on foreign investment, focused opposition from the most progressive sectors of Peruvian society against the landowner oligarchy.

There was a final peace treaty in 1929, signed between Peru-icon Peruball and Chile-icon Chileball and called the Treaty of Lima by which Tacna-icon Tacnaball returned to Peru and Peru yielded permanently the formerly rich provinces of Arica (city)-icon Aricaball and Tarapaca-icon Tarapacaball, but kept certain rights to the port activities in Arica (city)-icon Aricaball and restrictions on what Chile-icon Chileball can do on those territories.

On 1924, from Mexico-icon Mexicoball, university reform leaders in Peru-icon Peruball who had been forced into exile by the government founded the American People's Revolutionary Alliance, which had a major influence on the country's political life. APRA is thus largely a political expression of the university reform and workers' struggles of the years 1918-1920. The movement draws its influences from the Mexican Revolution and its 1917 Constitution, particularly on issues of agrarianism and indigenism, and to a lesser extent from the Russian revolution. Close to Marxism (its leader, Haya de la Torre, declares that "APRA is the Marxist interpretation of the American reality"), it nevertheless moves away from it on the question of class struggle and on the importance given to the struggle for the political unity of Latin America.

In 1928, the Socialism-icon Peruvian Socialist Party was founded, notably under the leadership of José Carlos Mariátegui, himself a former member of APRA. Shortly afterwards, in 1929, the party created the General Confederation of Workers.

After the worldwide crisis of 1929, numerous brief governments followed one another. The APRA party had the opportunity to cause system reforms by means of political actions, but it was not successful. This was a nationalistic movement, populist and anti-imperialist, headed by Victor Raul Haya de la Torre in 1924. The Socialism-icon Socialist Party of Peru, later the Communism-icon Peruvian Communist Party, was created four years later and it was led by Jose C. Mariategui.

Peru-icon Present and modern days (Peruball)

Repression was brutal in the early 1930s and tens of thousands of APRA followers (Apristas) were executed or imprisoned. This period was also characterized by a sudden population growth and an increase in urbanization. According to Alberto Flores Galindo, "By the 1940 census, the last that utilized racial categories, mestizos were grouped with whites, and the two constituted more than 53 percent of the population. Mestizos likely outnumbered the indigenous peoples and were the largest population group."

During that period of time (1932), Peruball went in an armed conflict with Colombia-icon Colombiaball over territory in the Amazon Rainforest, but it was later resolved by League of Nationsball.

On 1941, Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball and Peruball had so many territorial disputes that they went to war, the war was won by Peru-icon Peruball super quickly and Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball had to give (or recognize) Loreto-icon Loretoball to Peruball,

Some period of time after that, on February 12, 1944 Peru-icon Peruball was one of the South American nations – following Brazil-icon Brazilball on August 22, 1942, Bolivia-icon Boliviaball on April 7, 1943 and Colombia-icon Colombiaball on July 26, 1943 to align with the Allied forces against the Axis.

Following the Allied victory in World War II by September 2, 1945, in the mid-20th century Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre (founder of the APRA), together with José Carlos Mariátegui (leader of the Peruvian Communist Party), were two major forces in Peru-icon Peruball's politics. Ideologically opposed, they both managed to create the first political parties that tackled the social and economic problems of the country. Although Mariátegui died at a young age, Haya de la Torre was twice elected president, but prevented by the Military-icon military from taking office. During World War II, the country rounded up around 2,000 of its Japan-icon Japanese immigrant population and shipped them to USA-icon USAball as part of the Japanese-American internment program.

President Bustamante y Rivero hoped to create a more democratic government by limiting the power of the military and the oligarchy. Elected with the cooperation of the APRA, conflict soon arose between the President-icon President and Haya de la Torre. Without the support of the APRA party, Bustamante y Rivero found his presidency severely limited. The President-icon President disbanded his Aprista cabinet and replaced it with a mostly military one. In 1948, Minister Manuel A. Odria and other right-wing elements of the Cabinet urged Bustamante y Rivero to ban the APRA, but when the President refused, Odría resigned his post.

In a military coup on October 29, Gen. Manuel A. Odria became the new President. Odría's presidency was known as the Ochenio. He came down hard on APRA, momentarily pleasing the oligarchy and all others on the right, but followed a Populism-icon populist course that won him great favor with the poor and lower classes. A thriving economy allowed him to indulge in expensive but crowd-pleasing social policies. At the same time, however, civil rights were severely restricted and corruption was rampant throughout his régime.

It was feared that his Dictator-icon dictatorship would run indefinitely, so it came as a surprise when Odría allowed new elections. During this time, Fernando Belaúnde Terry started his political career, and led the slate submitted by the National Front of Democratic Youth. After the National Election Board refused to accept his candidacy, he led a massive protest, and the striking image of Belaúnde walking with the flag was featured by newsmagazine Caretas the following day, in an article entitled "Así Nacen Los Lideres" ("Thus Are Leaders Born"). Belaúnde's 1956 candidacy was ultimately unsuccessful, as the dictatorship-favored right-wing candidacy of Manuel Prado Ugarteche took first place.

Belaúnde ran for President-icon president once again in the National Elections Of 1962, this time with his own party, Acción Popular (Popular Action). He ended in second place, following Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre (APRA), by less than 14,000 votes. Since none of the candidates managed to get the Constitutionally-established minimum of one third of the vote required to win outright, selection of the President-icon President should have fallen to Congress; the long-held antagonistic relationship between the Military-icon military and APRA prompted Haya de la Torre to make a deal with former Dictator-icon dictator Odria, who had come in third, which would have resulted in Odria taking the Presidency in a coalition government.

However, widespread allegations of fraud prompted Peru-icon (soldier) Peruball's military to depose Prado and install a Military-icon military junta, led by Ricardo Perez Godoy. Godoy ran a short transitional government and held new elections in 1963, which were won by Belaúnde by a more comfortable but still narrow five percent margin.

Throughout Latin America in the 1960s, Communism-icon communist movements inspired by the Cuban Revolution sought to win power through guerrilla warfare. The Revolutionary Left Movement, or MIR, launched an insurrection that had been crushed by 1965, but Peru-icon Peruball's internal strife would only accelerate until its climax in the 1990s.

The Military-icon military has been prominent in Peru-icon Peruball's history. Coups have repeatedly interrupted civilian constitutional government. The most recent period of Dictator-icon military rule (1968–1980) began when General Juan Velasco Alvarado overthrew President Fernando Belaúnde Terry. As part of what has been called the "first phase" of the military government's nationalist program, Velasco undertook an extensive agrarian reform program and nationalized the fish meal industry, some petroleum companies, and several banks and mining firms.

On 1970, a 7.9 earthquake struck the city of Ancash-icon Ancashball causing a deadly avalanche on Huascaran, killing 20,000 people, this is considered the deadliest avalanche ever recorded on human history.

General Dictator-icon Francisco Morales Bermúdez replaced Velasco during 1975. Morales Bermúdez moved the revolution into a more conservative "second phase", tempering the measures of the first phase and beginning the task of restoring Peru-icon Peruball's economy. Morales Bermúdez presided over the return to civilian government in accordance with a new constitution drawn up in 1979.

In the May 1980 elections, President Fernando Belaúnde Terry was returned to office by a strong plurality. One of his first actions as President was the return of several newspapers to their respective owners. In this way, freedom of speech once again played an important part in Peru-icon Peruball's politics. Gradually, he also attempted to undo some of the most radical effects of the Agrarian Reform initiated by Velasco and reversed the independent stance that the Military Government of Velasco had with USA-icon USAball.

Belaúnde's second term was also marked by the unconditional support for Argentina-icon (soldier) Argentinaball during the Falklands War with UK-icon UKball in 1982. Peru-icon Peruball proposed a peace settlement between the two countries, but it was rejected by both sides, as both claimed undiluted sovereignty of the territory.
16E1151E-079A-4653-B4A2-EEE7B12FBE2C

How Shining Path was created

During the 1980s, cultivation of illicit coca was established in large areas on the eastern Andean slope. Rural insurgent movements, like Soviet-icon Shining Pathball (Sendero Luminoso, SL) and MRTA-icon Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movementball (MRTA) increased during this time and derived significant financial support from alliances with the narcotraffickers, leading to the Internal conflict in Peru. Also Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball went at war with Peruball again but they had peace.

The nagging economic problems left over from the previous military government persisted, worsened by an occurrence of the "El Niño" weather phenomenon in 1982–83, which caused widespread flooding in some parts of the country, severe droughts in others, and decimated the schools of ocean fish that are one of the country's major resources. After a promising beginning, Belaúnde's popularity eroded under the stress of inflation, economic hardship, and terrorism.

In 1985, the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA) won the presidential election, bringing Alan García to office. The transfer of the presidency from Belaúnde to García on July 28, 1985 was Peruball's first exchange of power from one democratically elected leader to another for the first time in 40 years.

With a parliamentary majority for the first time in APRA's history, Alan García started his administration with hopes for a better future. However, economic mismanagement led to hyperinflation from 1988 to 1990. García's term in office was marked by bouts of hyperinflation, which reached 7,649% in 1990 and had a cumulative total of 2,200,200% between July 1985 and July 1990, thereby profoundly destabilizing Peruball's economy.

Owing to such chronic inflation, the Peruvian currency, the sol, was replaced by the Inti in mid-1985, which itself was replaced by the nuevo sol ("new sun") in July 1991, at which time the new sol had a cumulative value of one billion old soles. During his administration, the per capita annual income of Peruvians fell to $720 (below the level of 1960) and Peru's Gross Domestic Product dropped 20%. By the end of his term, national reserves were a negative $900 million.

The economic turbulence of the time exacerbated social tensions in Peruball and partly contributed to the rise of Shining Pathball. The García administration unsuccessfully sought a military solution to the growing terrorism, committing human rights violations which are still under investigation.

Concerned about the economy, the increasing terrorist threat from Soviet-icon Sendero Luminosoball and MRTA-icon MRTAball, and allegations of official corruption, voters chose a relatively unknown mathematician-turned-politician, Alberto Fujimori-icon Alberto Fujimori, as president in 1990. The first round of the election was won by well-known writer Mario Vargas Llosa, a conservative candidate who went on to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2010, but Fujimori defeated him in the second round. Fujimori implemented drastic measures that caused inflation to drop from 7,650% in 1990 to 139% in 1991. The currency is devalued by 200%, prices are rising sharply (especially gasoline, whose price is multiplied by 30), hundreds of public companies are privatized and 300,000 jobs are being lost. The majority of the population has not benefited from the years of strong growth, which will ultimately only widen the gap between rich and poor. The poverty rate remained at around 50%.

As other Dictator-icon dictators did, Alberto Fujimori-icon Fujimori dissolved Congress in the auto-golpe of April 5, 1992, in order to have total control of the government of Peru-icon Peruball. He then eliminated the constitution; called new congressional elections; and implemented substantial economic reform, including privatization of numerous state-owned companies, creation of an investment-friendly climate, and sound management of the economy.

Alberto Fujimori-icon Fujimori's administration was dogged by several insurgent groups, most notably Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), which carried on a Military-icon terrorist campaign in the countryside throughout the 1980s and 1990s. He cracked down on the insurgents and was successful in largely quelling them by the late 1990s, but the fight was marred by atrocities committed by both the Peru-icon (soldier) Peruvian security forces and the insurgents: the Barrios Altos massacre and La Cantuta massacre by Government paramilitary groups, and the bombings of Tarata and Frecuencia Latina by Soviet-icon Shining Path. Those examples subsequently came to be seen as symbols of the human rights violations committed during the last years of violence. With the capture of Abimael Guzmán (known as President Gonzalo to the Shining Path) in September 1992, the Soviet-icon Shining Path received a severe blow which practically destroyed the organization.

In December 1996, a group of insurgents belonging to MRTA-icon MRTAball took over Japan-icon Japanball's embassy in Lima-iconLimaball, taking 72 people hostage. Military commandos stormed the embassy compound in May 1997, which resulted in the death of all 15 hostage takers, one hostage, and 2 commandos. It later emerged, however, that Alberto Fujimori-icon Fujimori's security chief Vladimiro Montesinos may have ordered the killing of at least eight of the rebels after they surrendered.

Alberto Fujimori-icon Fujimori's constitutionally questionable decision to seek a third term and subsequent tainted victory in June 2000 brought political and economic turmoil. A bribery scandal that broke just weeks after he took office in July forced Fujimori to call new elections in which he would not run. The scandal involved Vladimiro Montesinos, who was shown in a video broadcast on TV bribing a politician to change sides. Montesinos subsequently emerged as the center a vast web of illegal activities, including embezzlement, graft, drug trafficking, as well as human rights violations committed during the war against Shining Pathball.

In November 2000, Alberto Fujimori-icon Fujimori resigned from office and went to Japan-icon Japanball in self-imposed exile, avoiding prosecution for human rights violations and corruption charges by the new Peruvian authorities. His main intelligence chief, Vladimiro Montesinos, fled Peru-icon Peruball shortly afterwards. Authorities in Venezuela-icon Venezuelaball arrested him in Caracas in June 2001 and turned him over to Peruvian authorities; he is now imprisoned and charged with acts of corruption and human rights violations committed during Alberto Fujimori-icon Fujimori's administration.

A caretaker government presided over by Valentín Paniagua took on the responsibility of conducting new presidential and congressional elections. The elections were held in April 2001; observers considered them to be free and fair. Alejandro Toledo (who led the opposition against Alberto Fujimori-icon Fujimori) defeated former President Alan García.

The newly elected government took office on July 28, 2001. The Toledo Administration managed to restore some degree of democracy to Peru-icon Peruball following the authoritarianism and corruption that plagued both the Alberto Fujimori-icon Fujimori and García governments. Innocents wrongfully tried by military courts during the war against terrorism (1980–2000) were allowed to receive new trials in civilian courts.

On August 28, 2003, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (CVR), which had been charged with studying the roots of the violence of the 1980–2000 period, presented its formal report to the President.

President Toledo was forced to make a number of cabinet changes, mostly in response to personal scandals. Toledo's governing coalition had a minority of seats in Congress and had to negotiate on an ad hoc basis with other parties to form majorities on legislative proposals. Toledo's popularity in the polls suffered throughout the last years of his regime, due in part to family scandals and in part to dissatisfaction among workers with their share of benefits from Peru-icon Peruball's macroeconomic success. After strikes by teachers and agricultural producers led to nationwide road blockages in May 2003, Toledo declared a state of emergency that suspended some civil liberties and gave the military power to enforce order in 12 regions. The state of emergency was later reduced to only the few areas where Shining Pathball was operating.

On 2005, a minor 7.5 earthquake struck the regional department of Loreto-icon Loretoball and killed at least 5 people, shocks were felt on Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball and southern Colombia-icon Colombiaball, the only one that helped Peru-icon Peruball was Israel-icon Israelcube.

On July 28, 2006 former president Alan García became the current President of Peru-icon Peruball. He won the 2006 elections after winning in a runoff against Ollanta Humala.

During the night of August 15, 2007 at 18:40:57 UTC, another 7.9 earthquake struck the provinces of Ica-icon Icaball and Lima-icon Limaball, killing more than 500+ people, there were even blue lights on the sky, all of OAS-icon Latin America supported Peru-icon Peruball by sending money and reparations, the ones that shown most support were Chile-icon Chileball, Colombia-icon Colombiaball (even Shakira donated some money), Bolivia-icon Boliviaball and Argentina-icon Argentinaball.

During May 2008, President García was a signatory to The UNASUR Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations. Peru has ratified the treaty.

On June 5, 2011, Ollanta Humala was elected President in a run-off against Keiko Fujimori, the daughter of Alberto Fujimori-icon Alberto Fujimori and former First Lady of Peru, in the 2011 elections, making him the first leftist president of Peru since Juan Velasco Alvarado. In December 2011, a state of emergency was declared following popular opposition to some major mining project and environmental concerns.

Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (often known as PPK) was elected president in the general election in July 2016. His parents were Poland-icon polish refugees fleeing from Nazi nazism. Kuczynski is committed to integrating and acknowledging Peru's indigenous populations, and state-run TV has begun daily news broadcasts in Cuzco-icon Quechua and Aymara-icon Aymara. Kuczynski was widely criticized on pardoning former Alberto Fujimori-icon President Alberto Fujimori, going against his campaign promises against his rival, Keiko Fujimori.

During March 2018, after a failure to impeach the President-icon president, Kuczynski faced yet again the threat of impeachment on the basis of corruption in vote buying and bribery with the Odebrecht corporation. On March 23, 2018 Kucyznski was forced to resign from the presidency, and has not been heard from since.

Kuczynski's successor would be his first vice president, engineer Martín Vizcarra, who would succeed him as president until the end of Kuczynski's term in 2021

Peruball does not change much after 2018, he is currently part of four alliances, 3 on South America and the UN-icon UNball, he is neutral on both Cold War and Second Cold War, also recently, his son  Lima-icon Limaball was the host of the 2019 Panamerican Games, it was one of the best events on the modern history of Peru!

*closes book*

Flag Colors

The Flag of Peruball was first adopted by the Government of Peruball in 1824 but later modified just 126 years later in 1950. The flag features a tricolour. The colours being red on the right and left of the flag while white in the middle.

In most flag appearances, to prevent confusion, there is the Coat of Arms of Peruball in the middle of the flag featuring a fauna on the top left of the seal, a holm oak on the top right, and the Civic Crown on the bottom of the Seal.

Don't get confused with the Canadaball’s flag as both have similar colours, and similar flag likes, except for that the Flag of Canadaball features a maple leaf in the middle.

Color Name RGB CMYK HEX
Lava 217, 16, 35 C0-M93-Y84-K15 #D91023
White 255, 255, 255 N/A #FFFFFF

Etymology

Peru-icon Peruball's name may be derived from Birú, the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, City of Panama-icon Panama Cityball, in the early 16th century. When his possessions were visited by the Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball in 1522, they were the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans. Thus, when Spanish-Empire-icon Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Birú or Perú.

Another possible reason is provided by the writer Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, son of an Inca-icon Inca princess and a conquistador. He said the name Birú was the name of a common 3-icon 3ball happened upon by the crew of a ship on an exploratory mission for governor Pedro Arias de Ávila, and went on to relate more instances of misunderstandings due to the lack of a common language.

The Spanish-Empire-icon Spanish Empireball gave the name legal status with the 1529 Capitulación de Toledo, which designated the newly encountered Inca-icon Inca Empireball as the province of Peru-icon Peruball. Under Spanish rule, the country adopted the denomination Spanish-Empire-icon Viceroyalty of Peruball, which became Peru-icon Peruball after independence.

How to Draw

Peruball is quite easy to draw, in fact most people drawing Peruball don't need a tutorial, but if you don't think it's easy then look this tutorial.

  1. Draw a big circle.
  2. Inside of the circle, add a large red line on the left side.
  3. Add ANOTHER large red line on the right side.
  4. Color all the inside of both lines red.
  5. In case you haven't done it, color the center white.
  6. Add some two circles on the big ball you've made and you're done!

Relations

Friends (Causas)

Peruball has made some friends and enemies throughout the time and is friends with almost every countryball, as mentioned before, he is kind which makes him get lots of friends.

  • Russia-icon Russiaball - We are into good Relationships! they once gave us many stronk weapons to give friendship to Chileball but our president Velasco died early, we now into good traits! Thank you very much for the opportunity I had to go to the World Cup.
  • Spain-icon Spainball - My mother, she used to abuse me but now we are okay since she banned slavery. She is of very kind and without her then I and my amazing brothers wouldn't be alive.
  • Inca-icon Inca Empireball - My father, he died before I was born
  • UK-icon UKball - UKball schools helps our schools! We teach them to be more eco-friendly as well. Good friend that helped me get independence from Spainball, of sorry for supporting Argentinaball on the Malvinas war!
  • Colombia-icon Colombiaball - They are of good friends too! Lot of history between us, especially now since we have good president friendship, they are very close to us on culture and people, we usually are on pair when playin football, but they win more often. They gib a lot of buen cafe too!
  • Canada-icon Canadaball - Cool cousin, we’ve known each other since the 1940s and they’re one of my best friends. However you copied my flag and added a maple leaf on it... we’re both of USA allies though.
  • Brazil-icon Brazilball - Brazil is of good friend even though they always destroy on football, we can fight Brazil on volleyball! but nadie(we) cares about that, also they huehuehue on our Doto but is of nothin serious. We gave them some clay a long time ago, but we not angry anymore.
  • Argentina-icon Argentinaball - They show a strong friendship. Argentina sold weaponry to Ecuadorball in its war against Peru although Peru had supported Argentina in Falklands War. After this, Argentina feels repented about making these decisions and feels indebted with Peru. We of have stronk military and we have so much in common, we are in the same 6 alliances around the world.
  • Mexico-icon Mexicoball - We both know that I HAVE BETTER GASTRONOMY AND FOOD! INCAIC EMPIRE BETTER THAN AZTEC! Yuo of stole my chances to host the 1970 World Cup! You also stole two thirds of my flag! But still of buen hermano, we can into improving trade, he helped me during my floodings and I helped him during the earthquake.
  • Austria-icon Austriaball - His flag is kind of similar to mine but atleast not of copycat like Canadaball! He was anschlussed by Nazi Germanyball and my cousin Brazilball freed yuo along with other people. I never did harm to yuor clay during the war tho. Good european friend. Speaking of Australia-icon Australiaball, me and Austria-icon Austriaball both hate him, so we're fine.
  • China-icon Chinaball - They are closely influenced in cultural issues. Most commonly known about they gastronomic share of Chifa food, which means rice eating and is the result of mixing both culinary cultures. It is believed that primitive cultures in Peru were highly influenced by the first expeditions to America made by the chinese people or even being themselves their antecesors due to similar words in their language or the similarity presented in their traditional clothing. They also give us nice spices and sauce, to make more food!
  • Kosovo-icon Kosovoball - Unlike the other nations on South America, Me and Colombiaball of recognize his independence but I don't wanna worse relations with Serbiaball further so I am of sorry for not having an embassy on yuo.
  • NATO-icon NATOball - All of his members are of good with me and always of help me everytime. I wish I of had access to the North Atlantic Ocean, but I of am still US ally which means I don't of need to join NATOball.
  • Switzerland-icon Switzerlandball - We became enemies for not letting me into his world cup and for banning Paolo Guerrero but now that he of unbanned Paolo Guerrero I guess we can into friends. We are both neutral and we can into Football and World Cup but I of lost agaisnt France-icon Franceball so yeah.
  • UN-icon UNball - I was their leader before, but I of resigned for aome reasons, they helped me with my 2007 earthquake, thank you all for helping me in my worst moments!! you can into potato.
  • USA-icon USAball - They are of good friends. His president Richard Nixon visited our clay after the 1970 Ancash Earthquake and also sent helicopters after the 2007 Pisco Earthquake, he trades with me and we both are in some factions together. The only problem is...THEY KEEP OF STEALING ME LLAMAS! WHY DID YOU AIR YOUR POPEYE CARTOONS ON ONE OF MY TV CHANNELS IN 2009?
  • France-icon Franceball - Very good european friend, we’ve had diplomatic relations since the 1960’s and been cool with each other ever since.
  • Poland-icon Polandball - HAPPY 100th BIRTHDAY TO YOU AMIGO!
  • Sweden-icon Swedenball - 0-0 is an okay football match, so we of good. We both are of obsessed with YouTube. (Andynsane > PewDiePie)
  • Germany-icon Germanyball - He is of rich, and another hardwörker like me. We can into top 20 best football teams and good diplomatic relations. You may have destroyed my cousin Brazil on his own World Cup but he of destroyed yuo on World War II, of sorry for the joke.
  • Israel-icon Israelcube - He is richer than me but of smaller somehow, of developed nation but I of recognize Palestine, of sorry. We of have a smaller Jewish community with around 1,000 people, the same as Islam. Also he was the first to help me on my 1970, 2005 and 2007 earthquake, muchas gracias! (Judaismcube is of Christianityball!)
  • Indonesia-icon Indonesiaball - Non-alligned pal (and probably cousin), we both can into destroying commies also is of very close to my brother, Philippinesball. Leave East Timor alone, plox.
  • Portugal-icon Portugalball - Cristiano Ronaldo's country, uncle and father of Brazilball and East Timorball. We both don't know each other very well but good uncle.
  • Finland-icon Finlandball - I was one of the first to recognize yuo on 1919, he has two honorary consulate and an embassy on my clay and I also of have embassy on Helsinki-icon Helsinkiball, we of have long friendship and can into US allies too.
  • East Timor-icon East Timorball - Cousin that other cousin bullies a lot. I will of remove Indonesia-icon Bully!!!
  • Vatican-icon Vaticanball - Never forget February 2018, Pope Francis of visited Limaball for a few days after a visit to Chileball. First John Paul II visiting Plaza San Miguel then Pope benedict XVI. Of best month of my life! Padre nuestro que estas en el cielo, santificado sea tu nombre...
  • Italy-icon Italyball - Second best cooker after me, Brazilball killed him off on 1943 but is still good uncle, friendship is of long like Japanball. (Ceviche is better than Pizza)
  • Palestine-icon Palestineball - I recognize him but he is mean to Israelcube so I don't know much about him.
  • Greece-icon Greeceball - We of have very good diplomatic relations, a greek-peruvian was put into a scandal for leaving the opposition and joining the Fujimorist side of the congress but we can still into friends.
  • Egypt-icon Egyptball - Some Turkish TV shows are based on Ancient Egyptball also we both of had long histories of our clay, we can into being colonized and we both have embassys on our clay.
  • South Africa-icon South Africaball - We were colonized by two european powers and also have good economy and embassys on each other's clay. Best african cousin. 
  • Croatia-icon Croatiaball - 6,000 Croatians are living on our clay, especially during the Croatian Homeland War, we are of good friends also of many congratulations for being on the finals of the 2018 Russia World Cup.
  • Paraguay-icon Paraguayball - He is brother that is agaisnt everyone, also went to a bloody dictatorship that left thousands dead, he also enjoyed close ties with former nazis but the Cold War ended and the US forced everyone to stop having dictatorships.
  • Belarus-icon Belarusball - We are both into friends of Russiaball and we have ambassadors on each other, we also are of red and white flag. We are of great friends, any friend of Russiaball is my friend too.
  • BRICS-icon BRICSbrick - All of his members are very kind with me and have okay relations with them, I of hoping to join some day! Can you rename us to PBRICKS?
  • Thailand-icon Thailandball - We can into Pacific, the news about the cave incident reached my clay, stay strong, even if you of suffered a big tsunami on 2004 and is recovering, I of experienced it before also I of help yuo with reparations, we both can into pacific and natural disasters.
  • Cyprus-icon Cyprusball - We are of good friend and he is of another ancient ball. He is a good person and I recognize yuo fully as True Cyprusball. Turkey-icon dictator man that likes goats doesn't know your true form yet and we will of soon show him.
  • Philippines-icon Philippinesball - He is Peru's Archipelago brother. He is also the Estados Unidos' beloved son. Despite the fact that they are relatively distant and the two never talk that much, Peru cared for Philippine's lost Hispanic heritage. In fact, in 2008, they both talked about how Peru wanted to re-introduce the Spanish language back in the Philippines and how it would improve their trade with Hispanic countries, but sadly it was later debunked in 2009 thus leaving him upset. Duterte-icon Duterte attended the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Lima on November 19–20, 2016, which was hosted by my president.
  • India-icon Indiaball - He also can into long histories and culture, we are far from each other but good cousin, also we can into the lastest technology and we get some oil.
  • Pakistan-icon Pakistanball - Another ball that can into long history, he hates Indiaball so we are not that much of friends, but can into friends I guess. He hid Osama bin Laden all those years??!!
  • Singapore-icon Tringapore - We have so much in common, he is richer than me and is very rarely victim of natural disasters unlike me. A very developed countryball with very tall towers and stuff, he is obviously better than me and is also a good cousin and helped me a bit on the 2007 Earthquake.
  • Algeria-icon Algeriaball - We both have embassies on each other.
  • Uruguay-icon Uruguayball - Another brother that is of guay, he usuallly calls sports clothing "championes" and smokes weed a lot, like Colombiaball.
  • Turkey-icon Turkeyball - I love watching your TV shows, please don't stop airing more. I watch them every day at Latina and America TV. (But leave Cyprusball alone)
  • Taiwan-icon Taiwanball - We can both into Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation but if I recognize you I might get in trouble, sorry!
  • South Korea-icon South Koreaball - Of good friend, he can also into Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, some people on my clay like something called K-Pop and always mention BTS with it.
  • Romania-icon Romaniaball - Good friend, I have embassy on him along with a park but we do not know each other very well, but I know that he is a vampire and he is the birthplace of Dracula and was once a Communist Dictatorship.
  • Japan-icon Japanball - They are actually nice people and contributed to expand our culture adding in our gastronomy the use of Ajinomoto. But in the 90s, a Peruvian-Japanese president named Alberto Fujimori-icon Alberto Fujimori came to the power and without any need (he did it for its political philosophy) started selling the most important national companies and indebting the country to other nations and even at cost of our enviroment. This, with the Pacific War, has marked the future of Peru and sometimes "japos" (a despective way of calling a japanese in Peru) are not very well received. I fighted on yuor clay on the 1940s to liberate yuo from evil fascista government.

Neutral ('Manos/Patas)

  • Bolivia-icon Boliviaball - He was once a really close friend & brother, we once fused to become a superpower called Peru-Bolivian Confederationball but after some problems, we got separated, then we did some treaties in order to halp us to fight future problems, but when they called us to fight Chileball, who had serious problems with them, and we were into helping, they of betrayed us and left us alone, making us lose clay and good resources. They cannot into sea now, so we no mind. JAJAJAJA
  • Chile-icon Chileball - My coast-addicted brother. Stole land from me and landlocked Bolivia, even placed landmines to prevent me from ever coming back! Relations are improving though, as we're beginning to open up to each other and trade, we both helped each other on our recent earhquakes on 2007 and 2010. Who knows in the future we will not unite in an military alliance. But I have a condition to improve our relationship even more: STOP SAYING I LIKE TO EAT PIGEONS !!!!
  • Venezuela-icon Venezuelaball Brother that is sometimes kind and sometimes mean, he is usually mean but he gave thanks to our former president, Pedro Pablo Kucynzki after he resigned because of a shitty brazilian company. He is a communist and hates capitalism and NATO, he will soon be invaded by NATOball....I hope.
  • New Zealand-icon New Zealandball - He can into Asia Pacific Cooperation Union like me! We both know how powerful earthquakes feel and help each other every day. But, JAJAJAJAJAJA! NEVER FORGET 2017! FINNALY AFTER 37 YEARS! I WILL BE IN A WORLD CUP!
  • Australia-icon Australiaball - JAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJA! I FINALLY WON MY FIRST WORLD CUP GAME IN 40 YEARS!!!!
  • Cuba-icon Cubaball - I broke off diplomatic relations with him shortly after his revolution but we started to get better time by time. Our presidents met with Fidel Castro a few times and we also cooperated to help Chile on his 2010 earthquake, he supported Shining Pathball for a while but now we are pretty much neutral with each other.
  • Soviet-icon Soviet Unionball - Thanks of selling me weapons even tho I can into Non-Alligned Movement but WHY DID YOU SUPPORT SHINING PATH??!!Of thanks to god you are of not existant anymore.
  • Ireland-icon Irelandball - The last time I saw this guy he was drunk and he started hugging me saying that he loved me because to him I was like a celebritie because that I invented the potato [sic] ... then he vomited on me.

Enemies (Webones)

  • Ecuador-icon Ecuadorball - WORST BROTHER BESIDES CHILE. I HELPED YUO ON YOUR 2009 ENERGY CRISIS YET YOU OF DONT THANK ME?!?!?! YOU CANNOT INTO AMAZON, AND STOP SAYING I EAT PIDGEONS!! REMOVE BANANA (But we are improving relations)
  • RS Romania-icon SR Romaniaball - Stupid psychopatic dictator, he copied me and took of his emblem on 1989 but now we of good friends.At least he hates that Soviet-icon Evil Father.
  • Communism-icon Shining Pathball - NEVER FORGET ATENTADO DE TARATA!!! NEVER FORGET 1992!!! NEVER FORGET FRECUENCIA LATINA!!!!!!!! NEVER FORGET EVERYTHING TU HICISTE!! REMOVE! REMOVE! REMOVE GUZMAN! REMOVE SENDERO LUMINOSO! REMOVE GUZMAN!!!! WEBON DE MIERDA, TE VAS A IR AL INFIERNO CONCHATUMARE, VAS A PAGAR POR TODO LO QUE ME HAS HECHO A MI Y A MIS HIJOS!!!!!!!!TE VOY A MATAR!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! SOON THE ONLY COSA THAT WILL BE LEFT OF YOUR PRESENCE HERE WILL BE YOUR WIKIPEDIA PAGE!!!! ME ESTAS ESCUCHANDO??!! I WILL REMOVE EVERY SINGLE PIECE OF SHIT DAY BY DAY, BUT WE DON'T MIND ANYMORE, YOUR LIDERES CAN INTO JAIL. YAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYAYA
  • France-icon Franceball (on football) - 1-0 2018 NO SE VALE NO SE VALE!!!! ES TRAMPA!! COMO!!! MALDITO EUROPEO!!! TRAMPOSO!!! OJALA SE ESTRELLE TU COMBI Y QUE ISISBOLA VUELVA Y MATE A PARISBOLA!!! REMOVE BAGUETTE REMOVE BAGUETTE REMOVE BAGUETTE REMOVE BAGUETTE REMOVE BAGUETTE EVEN THE CHINESE COMPANY REGRETS YOUR 1000 YEAR OLD EXISTENCE I OF GONNA KILL YOU WITH A COMBI AND DESTROY YOUR CAPITAL LIKE IN 2015 (EVEN THOUGH WE ARE BOTH USA ALLIES) FUCKING TUMBLRER I AM GONNA CUT THE EIFFEL TOWER IN HALF AND STEAL ALL YOUR BAGUETTE AND THE MISERABLE THING YOU CALL YOUR COUNTRY WILL BE FUCKING GONE WITHIN SECONDS JAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJA We still kind of friends... but you stole two thirds of my flag!
  • Denmark-icon Denmarkball - COMO ME METISTE GOL??!!! TAPE BIEN MI ARCO!!! REMOVE LEGO!! NEVER FORGET 1-0. YUOR FAULT I COULD NOT INTO SECOND ROUND OF WORLD CUP!!! (Also you could have won France 2-0 so the poor Chinese company didn't refund all his products, poor ching chong...) If I can into Nordic, you can into flag stealer.
  • Mapuche-icon Mapucheball - STUPID IDIOT STOP OF THINKINGS THAT TU CAN INTO STRONK AND STOP SETTING CHILEAN TRUCKS ON FIRE HUEVON!!!
  • ISIS-icon ISISball - We never of actually met but what I can say is STOP OF KILLING PEOPLE ON THE MIDDLE EAST FUCKING TERRORIST (The only good thing you did is attack Paris-icon Parisball on 2015)
  • Serbia-icon Serbiaball - The fuck is this??!! Stop of claiming Kosovo-icon Kosovoball as yours also yuo of thinkings that Turkeyballl is a bad person but he is not!!!!
  • Northern Cyprus-icon Northern Cyprusball - Goat fucker's puppet state that only his father recognizes and thinks he is the True Cyprusball, you of one of the reasons why your dictator father should of be kicked from NATO-icon NATOball.
  • Al-Qaeda-icon Al-QaedaballNEVER FORGET 2004!! YOU ATTACKED MY MOM'S CLAY AND EXPLODED SOME TRAINS!! I NEVER MET YOU BUT YOU OF ARE A DUMBASS ISLAMIC TERRORIST AND WANTS TO KILL MILLIONS OF PEOPLE ON RICH COUNTRIES AND STAY AWAY FROM MY CLAY!!!


Regional departments (Los Dhepahtamentos)

Peru-icon Peruball has a total of 32 departments, including 2 special ones (Limaball and Callaoball).
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Peruball's regional departments

  1. Amazonasball - He usually like rivers and water.
  2. Ancashball - He hates earthquakes and avalanches, also seems to really like high mountains and gain tourists.
  3. Apurímacball - He is very close to Cuzcoball, he likes trees and rivers.
  4. Arequipaball - The 2nd most urbanized department on Peruball, he once was the capital before Limaball took his place. Stop rebelling over something that happened centuries ago, no independence for yuo!
  5. Ayacuchoball - He has so many colonial churchs, he also has a temple.
  6. Cajamarcaball - He misses to be part of the Inca Empireball.
  7. Callaoball - My only harbor, proud son, hates Limaball, he almost got anschlussed by him.
  8. Cuzcoball - Place of one of the wonders of the world, Machu Picchu, which is one of the reasons Peruball gets many tourists.
  9. Huancavelicaball - Like Limaball but he has many colonial places.
  10. Huánucoball - He loves his parks, they are one of the best things to him.
  11. Icaball - Hates earthquakes so much, he loves beaches and the night.
  12. Junínball - He loves papa a la huancaina so much.
  13. La Libertadball - Around 3 cultures of the Inca Empireball controlled his clay.
  14. Lambayequeball - His clay is very hot, in fact most of his clay is desert, beach and nothingness.
  15. Limaball - The capital of Peru, he loves panettone and Inca Kola, he usually shops everyday.
  16. Loretoball - He is the most developed department on the Peruvian part of the Amazon Rainforest.
  17. Madre de Diosball - One of the most urbanized areas on Peru, he is in the amazon rainforest and borders Boliviaball and Brazilball.
  18. Moqueguaball - Has beautiful mountains, he was once part of Chileball but there were some riots and it was ceded to Peruball once again.
  19. Pascoball - Kinda poor but has many resources inside of his clay.
  20. Piuraball - Good place for Malagasy
  21. Punoball - Many people living on his clay are dying because of the winter, it is very cold there.
  22. San Martínball - Another beautiful department, his capital copied Nigeria's flag.
  23. Tacnaball - Another department that was ceded back to Peruball on 1931 after the riots.
  24. Tumbesball - He has so many beautiful beaches and close to the equator so there is a beautiful sunset. He will soon anschluss Guayaquilball
  25. Ucayaliball - He borders most of Brazil, not so developed but has amazing rivers.
  26. Aricaball - Rebellous province, yuo are of mine!
  27. Iquiqueball - Another rebellous province.
  28. Ecuadorball - Rightful peruano clay! (Colombia-icon Colombiaball reply: Take your eyes off the clay of Ecuador, Peru, he is very important in my plans to recreate La Gran Colombia !!! In my Independence he was my clay ... not yours.)
  29. Chileball - The General Captaincy of Chileball was a rightfull clay of the Vice-royalty of Peruball !!!  Chile never reached the status of a viceroyalty and was instead classified as a captaincy general because this was a very warlike territory and thus was ruled by a military and not a nobleman like me. Do not worry ... we do not want your clay ... but if you want who knows ... an alliance ... we're open to negotiate.
  30. Jujuyball - Stolen from me! No more betray!
  31. Antofagastaball - Neither it is part of me, Colombiaball or Chileball but still of technically peruvian province!
  32. Peruvian Antarcticaball - Not of existings but soon will thanks to Tacnaball obviously, can of makings second treaty of the arctic, USAball? Anchluss time, Chilean Antarctica-icon Argentine Antarctica-icon British Antarctica-icon peruvian clay.

National Heroes (Heroes del Perú)

  • Miguel Grau - He was known as el Caballero de los Mares (Spanish for "Gentleman of the Seas") for his kind and chivalrous treatment of defeated enemies and is esteemed by both Peruvians and Chileans. He is an iconic figure for the Peruvian Navy, and one of the most famous merchant marine and naval military leaders of the Americas.
  • Luis Montero Cáceres - He was one of the most important painters of the 19th century.
  • Juan Velasco Alvarado - Former president of the republic, whose military government carried out economic and social reforms unusual in a Latin American nation.
  • Alfonso Ugarte -  Peruvian civilian turned military commander during the War of the Pacific. Ugarte died fighting at Arica. He rode his horse over the Rock of Arica in order to prevent the Peruvian flag, which he was carrying, from being captured by the Chilean troops. Thus, Alfonso Ugarte indeed fulfilled the promise to fight to the last bullet.
  • José Quiñones Gonzales - He was a military aviator. During the Ecuadorian-Peruvian War of 1941, Quiñones' aircraft, a North American NA-50 "TORITO" (North American P-64), was mortally hit by ground fire from a battery of Ecuadorian anti-aircraft artillery. Instead of parachuting to safety, Quiñones chose to make the supreme sacrifice by crashing his damaged aircraft onto the Ecuadorian position, rendering the battery out of action.
  • Hector Chumpitaz - He is a former football player, considered by FIFA as one of the best defenders of the 20th century, he's also one of the maximum exponents of the history of Peruvian football.

Presidents

  • Cuzco-icon President-icon Agustín Gamarra (August 25, 1838 - November 18, 1841)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Manuel Menéndez Gorozabel (November 18, 1841 - August 16, 1842)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Juan Crisóstomo Torrico (August 16, 1842 - August 20, 1842)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Juan Francisco de Vidal La Hoz (October 20, 1842 - March 15, 1843)
  • Moquegua-icon President-icon Domingo Nieto y Márquez (September 3, 1843 - February 17, 1844)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Manuel Menéndez Gorozabel (October 7, 1844 - April 20, 1845)
  • Tarapaca-icon President-icon Ramón Castilla (April 20, 1845 - April 20, 1851, January 5, 1855 - October 24, 1857, October 24, 1858 - October 24, 1862 and April 3, 1863 - April 9, 1863)
  • Puno-icon President-icon José Rufino Echenique (April 20, 1851 - January 5, 1855)
  • Piura-icon President-icon José María Raygada (April 2, 1857 - July 28, 1858)
  • Puno-icon President-icon Miguel de San Román (October 24, 1862 - April 3, 1863)
  • Arequipa-icon President-icon Pedro Diez Canseco Corbacho (April 9, 1863 - August 5, 1863, November 6, 1865 - November 28, 1865, November 6, 1865 - November 28, 1865 and January 22, 1868 - August 2, 1868)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Juan Antonio Pezet (August 5, 1863 – November 6, 1865)
  • Huanuco-icon Dictator-icon President-icon Mariano Ignacio Prado (November 28, 1865 - January 5, 1868 and August 2, 1876 – December 18, 1879)
  • Lima-icon President-icon José Balta y Montero (August 2, 1868 - July 22, 1872)
  • Apurimac-icon President-icon Mariano Herencia Zevallos (July 27, 1872 - August 2, 1872)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Manuel Pardo y Lavalle (August 2, 1872 - August 2, 1876)
  • Cuzco-icon President-icon Luis La Puerta (December 18, 1879 - December 23, 1879)
  • Arequipa-icon President-icon Nicolás de Piérola Villena (December 23, 1879 - November 28, 1881)
  • Piura-icon President-icon Lizardo Montero (November 28, 1881 October 28, 1883)
  • Cajamarca-icon President-icon Miguel Iglesias (October 28, 1883 - December 3, 1885)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Antonio Arenas Merino (December 3, 1885 - June 3, 1886)
  • Ayacucho-icon President-icon Andrés Avelino Cáceres (June 3, 1886 - August 10, 1890 and August 10, 1894 – March 20, 1895)
  • Tarapaca-icon President-icon Remigio Morales Bermúdez (August 10, 1890 - April 1, 1894)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Manuel Candamo Iriarte (September 8, 1903 - April 18, 1904)
  • Cuzco-icon President-icon Serapio Calderón (April 18, 1904 - September 24, 1904)
  • Lima-icon President-icon José Pardo y Barreda (September 24, 1904 - September 24, 1908 and August 18, 1915 - July 4, 1919)
  • Lambayeque-icon Dictator-icon Augusto Leguía (September 24, 1908 - September 24, 1912)
  • Arica (city)-icon President-icon Guillermo Billinghurst Angulo (September 24, 1912 - February 4, 1914)
  • Piura-icon President-icon Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro (December 8, 1931 - April 30, 1933)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Óscar R. Benavides (April 30, 1933 - December 8, 1939)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Manuel Prado Ugarteche (December 8, 1939 – July 28, 1945 and July 28, 1956 – July 18, 1962)
  • Junin-icon President-icon Manuel Odría Amoretti (October 29, 1948 - July 28, 1956)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Fernando Belaúnde Terry (July 28, 1963 - October 3, 1968 and July 28, 1980 – July 28, 1985)
  • Piura-icon Dictator-icon Juan Velasco Alvarado (October 3, 1968 - August 30, 1975)
  • Lima-icon Dictator-icon Francisco Morales Bermúdez Cerrutti (August 30, 1975 - July 28, 1980)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Alan García (July 28, 1985 – July 28, 1990 and July 28, 2006 - July 28, 2011)
  • Lima-icon Alberto Fujimori-icon Alberto Fujimori (July 28, 1990 - November 21, 2000)
  • Ancash-icon President-icon Alejandro Toledo (July 28, 2001 – July 28, 2006)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Ollanta Humala (July 28, 2011 – July 28, 2016)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (July 28, 2016 – March 21, 2018)
  • Lima-icon President-icon Martín Vizcarra (March 21, 2018 - present)

Appendices

Catholic-icon Religion Protestant-icon

80% of the population of Peruball's main religion is Catholic-icon Catholicism, followed by Protestant-icon Protestantism supported by 14%, Atheism-icon Atheism by 4% and Islam-icon Jew-icon Hinduism-icon Buddhism-icon other religions by 2% (commonly Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism)

Christian-icon Christianityball came by Spanish, German and British inmigrants coming to Peruball's clay, christianity was put as the official religion of the Spanish-Empire-icon Viceroyalty of Peruball by Spainball, which is made by Catholicismball and Protestantismball.

Islam-icon Islamball came to Peru-icon Peruball by Arab and Turkish communities on Peruball. (Like Buddhism (by the Chinese), Hinduism (by the Hindus) and Judaism (by the Jewish people))

Peruball is considered the most religious countryball in the world and may remain like that for long enough, peruvians consider religion as a serious theme even since the colonization of the Incas.

Statistics

  • Urbanization: 79% (25 Million)
  • Social Progress Index: 61st in the World
  • Basic Human Needs: 89th in the World
  • Foundations of Wellbeing: 52nd in the World
  • Social Opportunities: 65th in the World
  • Health and Wellness: 45th in the World
  • Basic Medical Care: 91st in the World
  • Personal Safety: 101st in the World
  • Access to Education: 69th in the World
  • Advanced Education: 66th in the World
  • Illiteracy: 74th in the World (5.8%)
  • Access to information: 95th in the World
  • Environmental Quality: 27th in the World
  • Personal Freedom: 105th in the World
  • Personal Rights: 69th in the World
  • Freedom of Speech: 39th in the World
  • Tolerance and Inclusion: 68th in the World
  • Women Equality: Medium)
  • Tolerance for Minorities: 125th in the World
  • GDP: $425 Billion
  • Unemployment: 6.7% (1.1 Million)
  • Telephones: 32.8 Million
  • Mobile Phones: 29.4 Million
  • Internet Users: 12.6 Million Users (39.8%)

Trivia

  • He hates vegans because they overexert his quinoa production capabilities.
  • One of the few countryballs to have up to three flags.
  • It is third for silver and copper production, and sixth for gold.
  • Identifies with Bolivia on vegan-hating.

Quotes

  • "Oe' causa!"
  • "Ponte mohsca"
  • "Chapa tu combi"
  • "Alguien que habla español?"
  • "Inca stronk"
  • "Come to machu picchu!"
  • "Ehtamos aca dhesde las seis"
  • "I love canchita"
  • "Avehr avehr avehr, que 'ta pasando aca, 'mano?"
  • Seño, me cocina un arroz a la cubana ‘pe?

Gallery

Images

Video

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Comics


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