Firme y feliz por la unión
I cannot say I enjoyed the very little I saw of Peru: in summer, however, it is said that the climate is much pleasanter.
 
UK-icon.png Charles Darwin
Few romances can ever surpass that of the granite citadel on top of the beetling precipices of Machu Picchu, the crown of Inca Land.
 
Connecticut-icon.png Hiram Bingham III
little by little, one walks far
 
Peru-icon.png Peruvian proverb
Somos libres, seamoslo siempre, seamoslo siempre! Y ante niege, sus luces, sus luces, sus luces el sol!
 
— Peruvians proudly singing their national anthem

Peruball, officially the Republic of Peruball, is a countryball in western South America. Its closest neighbors are Brazil-icon.png Brazilball to the east, Colombia-icon.png Colombiaball to the north, Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball to the northwest, Chile-icon.png Chileball to the south, Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The country is divided into 24 departments (25 if you include Callao-icon.png Callaoball), including his capital, Lima-icon.png Limaball (which has 43 districts), giving him a total area of 496,200 square miles, making him the third-largest country in South America, and the 19th in the world. With a total population of about 33.3 million as of 2021, he ranks as the 43rd most populous country in the world.

He currently maintains an active membership in OAS-icon.png OASball, Pacific Alliance-icon.png Pacific Allianceball, and of course UN-icon.png UNball like most other nations.

As it was said before, Peruball is a countryball that have been almost always betrayed in many conflicts, it has been tried to be invaded by its neighbourhood several times, he thinks it is because has he is one of the richest countries in resources in the world. That has caused some distrust in him, but still being a hospitable, kind, and happy countryball. Still, he gets annoyed when people call him Canada and when Chile is around (but they basically still have a feeling of brotherhood among them).

Nowadays he welcomes Venezuelan refugees (chamos o venecos) and immigrants to live in his. Its national day is July 28th and his astrological sign is Cancer.

Even if the character doesn't have an exact gender (like all the characters in the Polandball universe) it's name is a male noun in the native language of the country (​​​​​Spanish-icon.png Spanish).

Personality

Peruball is kind, hardworking, rich and stronk, he usually makes many friends in the world. He is kind of smart and likes agriculture. He also takes religion far too seriously. ince he loves going to the church.

He has developed a PTSD from any symbol or representation of socialism or communism because of a rebel organization called "Sendero Luminoso" which committed various atrocities and crimes against the people living in the central regions of the country, causing his people to develop a strong hatred for far-left ideologies.

He also gets mad when people confuse him for Canada-icon.png Canadaball.

History

A short history of Peru

3-icon.png Early history (3ball, Kingdom of Cuzcoball, Kingdom of Huari, Inca Empireball)

The history of this nation is not so known by most people, the history of Peruball is of very large, ranging from an unknown date BC to 2018 and is also not so known since no European had touched the Americas no other than Spanish-Empire-icon.png Christopher Columbus, he tried to go to India using a method that surpassed the Atlantic Ocean and entered the Pacific Ocean (which is the reason the Suez Canal was built), if the Americas did not exist he would have died but in this case, Cuba-icon.png Cubaball's clay saved his life and he explored the island of Cubaball at one point that he colonized most of the Caribbean.

Before that, there are three theories of how 1-icon.png 1balls reached Peruball's clay.

One is that the Qing-icon.png Chinese and Malaysia-icon.png Malaysians and Peruball's coast are so many Chinese Peruvians around there, another one claims that Antarctica-icon.png Antarcticaball almost anschlussed all of used to border Tasmania-icon.png Tasmaniaball so people went through Antarctica-icon.png Antarticaball and reached what is now, the Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego-icon.png Tierra del Fuegoball and Magallanes-icon.png Magallanesball. (Owned by Chileball and Argentinaball) and the most famous one, claims that the Tsardom of Russia-icon.png Russians passed through the Bering Strait during the ice age and arrived in Peru following the Andes Mountains and started to live there but the ice age ended and some evolution happens so now 1-icon.png 1balls (now proud 3-icon.png 3balls) have to live in a continent that nobody knows about... until 1492.

Hunting tools dating back to more than 11,000 years ago have been found inside the caves of Pachacamac, Telarmachay, Junin and Lauricocha. Some of the oldest civilizations appeared circa 6000 BC in the coastal provinces of Chilcaball and Paracasball, and in the highland province of Callejón de Huaylas. Over the following three thousand years, inhabitants switched from nomadic lifestyles to cultivating land, as evidence from sites such as Jiskairumoko, Kotosh and Huaca Prietademonstrates. Cultivation of plants such as corn and cotton began, as well as the domestication of animals such as the wild ancestors of the llama, the alpaca and the guinea pig, as seen in the 6000BC-dated Camelid relief paintings in the Mollepunko caves in Callalli. Inhabitants practised spinning and knitting of cotton and wool, basketry and pottery.

As these inhabitants became sedentary, farming allowed them to build settlements and new societies emerged along the coast and in the Andean mountains. The first known city in the Americas was Caral, located in the Supe Valley 200 km north of Lima. It was built in approximately 2500 BC.

What is left from the civilization, also called Norte Chico Civilization-icon.png Norte Chico Civilizationball, is about 30 pyramidal structures built up in receding terraces ending in a flat roof; some of them measured up to 20 meters in height. Caral is one of the world centres of the rise of civilization.

In the early 21st century, archaeologists have discovered new evidence of ancient pre-Ceramic complex cultures. In 2005 Tom D. Dillehay and his team announced the discovery of three irrigation canals that were 5,400 years old, and a possible fourth that is 6,700 years old, all in the Zaña Valley in northern Peru, evidence of community activity to support improved agriculture at a much earlier date than previously believed. In 2006, Robert Benfer and a research team discovered a 4,200-year-old observatory at Buena Vista, a site in the Andes several kilometres north of present-day Lima-icon.png Limaball. They believe the observatory was related to the society's reliance on agriculture and understanding the seasons. The site includes the oldest three-dimensional sculptures found thus far in South America. In 2007 the archaeologist Walter Alva and his team found a 4,000-year-old temple with painted murals at Ventarrón, in the northwest Lambayeque region. The temple contained ceremonial offerings gained from an exchange with Peru-icon.png Peruball's jungle societies, as well as those from Ecuador-icon.pngEcuadorball's coast. Such finds show sophisticated, monumental construction requiring large-scale organization of labour, suggesting that hierarchical, complex cultures arose in South America much earlier than scholars had thought.

Many other civilizations developed and were absorbed by the most powerful ones such as Kotoshball, Chavinball, Paracasball, Limaball (Civilization), Nascaball, Mocheball, Tiwanakuball, Wariball, Lambayequeball (Civilization), Chimuand Chinchaball, among others. The Paracas culture emerged on the southern coast around 300 BC. They are known for their use of vicuña fibres instead of just cotton to produce fine textiles—innovations that did not reach the northern coast of Peru-icon.png Peruball until centuries later. Coastal cultures such as Mocheball and Nazcaball flourished from about 100 BC to about AD 700: Mocheball produced impressive metalwork, as well as some of the finest pottery seen in the ancient world, while Nazcaball is known for their textiles and the enigmatic Nazca lines.

These coastal cultures eventually began to decline as a result of recurring el Niño floods and droughts. In consequence, Huariball and Tiwanakuball, who dwelt inland in the Andes became the predominant cultures of the region encompassing much of modern-day Peru-icon.png Peruball and Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball. They were succeeded by powerful city-states, such as Chancayball, Sipanball, and Cajamarcaball, and two empires: Chimorball and Chachapoyasball. These cultures developed relatively advanced techniques of cultivation, gold and silver craft, pottery, metallurgy, and knitting. Around 700 BC, they appear to have developed systems of social organization that were the precursors of the Inca-icon.png Inca Empireball.

In the highlands, both the Tiahuanaco culture, near Lake Titicaca in both Peru-icon.png Peruball and Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball, and Wariball, near the present-day city of Ayacucho-icon.png Ayacuchoball, developed large urban settlements and wide-ranging state systems between 500 and 1000 AD.

Not all Andean cultures were willing to offer their loyalty to the Inca-icon.png Incas as the Incas expanded their empire, and many were openly hostile. The people of the Chachapoyas culture were an example of this, but the Inca-icon.pngInca Empireball eventually conquered and anschlussed them

The Inca-icon.png Inca Empireball built the largest and most advanced empire and the dynasty of pre-Columbian America. The Tahuantinsuyo—which is derived from Quechua-icon.png Quechua for "The Four United Regions"—reached its greatest extension at the beginning of the 16th century. It dominated a territory that included (from north to south): the southwest part of Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball, part of Colombia-icon.png Colombiaball, the main territory of Peru-icon.png Peruball, the northern part of Chile-icon.png Chileball, and the northwest part of Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball; and from east to west, from the southwest part of Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball to the Amazonian forests.

The empire originated from a tribe based in Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball, which became the capital. Pachacutec wasn't the first Inca-icon.png Inca, but he was the first ruler to considerably expand the boundaries of the Cuzco-icon.png Cuzco state- probably he could be compared to Alexander the Great (from Byzantine Empireball), Julius Caesar (of the SPQRball), Attila (from the Hunnic Empireball) and Genghis Khan (from the Mongol Empireball). His offspring later ruled an empire by both violent invasions and peaceful conquests- i.e. intermarriages among the rules of small kingdoms and the current Inca-icon.png Inca ruler.

In Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball, the royal city was created to resemble a cougar; the head, the main royal structure, formed what is now known as Sacsayhuamán. The Empire's administrative, political, and military centre was located in Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball. The empire was divided into four quarters: Chinchaysuyu, Antisuyu, Kuntisuyu and Qullasuyu.

The official language was Quechua-icon.png Quechua – imposed on the citizens. It was the language of a neighbouring tribe of the original tribe of the empire. Conquered populations—tribes, kingdoms, states, and cities—were allowed to practice their own religions and lifestyles, but had to recognize Inca-icon.png Inca cultural practices as superior to their own. Inti, the sun god, was to be worshipped as one of the most important gods of the empire. His representation on earth was the Inca-icon.png Inca ("Emperor").

The Tawantinsuyu was organized in dominions with a stratified society, in which the ruler was the Inca-icon.png Inca. It was also supported by an economy based on the collective property of the land.

Many unusual customs were observed, for example, the extravagant feast of Inti Raymi which gave thanks to the God Sun, and the young women who were the Virgins of the Sun, sacrificial virgins devoted to the Inti. The empire, being quite large, also had an impressive transportation system of roads to all points of the empire called the Inca Trail, and chasquis, message carriers who relayed information from anywhere in the empire to Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball.

Machu Picchu (Quechua for "old peak"; sometimes called the "Lost City of the Incas") is a well-preserved pre-Columbian Inca ruin located on a high mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley, about 70 km (44 mi) northwest of Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball. Elevation measurements vary depending on whether the data refers to the ruin or the extremity of the mountain; Machu Picchu tourist information reports the elevation as 2,350 m (7,711 ft). Forgotten for centuries by the outside world, although not by locals, it was brought back to international attention by Yale archaeologist Hiram Bingham III, who rediscovered it in 1911 and wrote a best-selling work about it. Peru-icon.png Peruball is pursuing legal efforts to retrieve thousands of artefacts that Bingham removed from the site that are in possession at Yale. Bingham sold them to Yale.

Although Machu Picchu is by far the most well known internationally, Peru-icon.png Peruball boasts many other sites where the modern visitor can see extensive and well-preserved ruins, remnants of the Inca-icon.png Inca-period and even older constructions. Much of the Inca-icon.png Inca architecture and stonework found at these sites continues to confound archaeologists. For example, at Sacsaywaman in Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball the zig-zag-shaped walls are composed of massive boulders fitted very precisely to one another's irregular, angular shapes. No mortar holds them together, but nonetheless they have remained absolutely solid through the centuries, surviving earthquakes that flattened many of the colonial constructions of Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball. Damage to the walls visible today was mainly inflicted during battles between the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball and Inca-icon.png Inca Empireball, as well as later, in the colonial era. As Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball grew, the walls of Sacsaywaman were partially dismantled, the site becoming a convenient source of construction materials for the city's newer inhabitants. It is still not known how these stones were shaped and smoothed, lifted on top of one another (they really are very massive), or fitted together by the Incas; we also do not know how they transported the stones to the site in the first place. The stone used is not native to the area and most likely came from mountains many kilometres away.

The glorious and legendary Inca-icon.png Inca Empireball conquered some tribes, extended his empire then conquered some tribes again but COULDN'T CONQUER A SINGLE PATAGONIAN TRIBE, in case you don't know who it was, he was Mapuche-icon.png Mapucheball, now you may be asking yourself why such a legendary and powerful empire couldn't kill off a single tribe on Patagonia? Nobody knows, there's a theory that claims that the Mapuche were Britons in disguise, meaning that Britain discovered America, Illuminati-icon.png Trilluminati!!!! The reason is currently unknown and that question doesn't really matter so yeah.

Native Americans, reunite to restore Empire of Inca!

There was a famine on 1525 and later a civil war between the two brothers Atahualpa and Huascar who both wanted to become the next ruler of the empire since their father (who was the emperor before this all happened) died, but we'll get into that later.

As the civil war advanced, Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball expanded their colonial empire up to most of modern-day Colombia-icon.png Colombiaball.

Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish colonization era (Viceroyalty of Peruball)

When Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball landed in 1531, Peru-icon.png Peruball's territory was the nucleus of the highly developed Inca civilization. Centred at Cuzco, Inca-icon.png Inca Empireball extended over a vast region, stretching from southwest Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball to northern Chile-icon.png Chileball.

Spanish-Empire-icon.png Francisco Pizarro and his brothers were attracted by the news of Inca-icon.png a rich and fabulous kingdom. In 1532, they arrived in the country, which they called Peru. (The forms BiruPirú, and Berú are also seen in early records.) According to Raúl Porras Barrenechea, Peru is not a Quechuan nor Caribbean word, but Indo-Hispanic or hybrid.

In the years between 1524 and 1526, the European germ smallpox, introduced from the conquistadores in Panama-icon.png Panamaball and preceding the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish conquerors in Peruball through transmission among natives, had swept through Inca-icon.png Inca Empireball. Smallpox caused the death of the Inca-icon.png Incan ruler Huayna Capac as well as most of his family including his heir, caused the fall of the Inca-icon.png Incan political structure and contributed to the civil war between the brothers Atahualpa and Huáscar. Taking advantage of this, Pizarro carried out a coup d'état. On November 16, 1532, while the Atahualpa's victorious army was in an unarmed celebration in Cajamarca, the Spanish lured Inca Atahualpa into a trap during the Battle of Cajamarca. The well-armed 168 Spaniards killed thousands of barely armed Inca soldiers and captured the newly minted Inca-icon.png Inca ruler, causing great consternation among the natives and conditioning the future course of the fight. When Huáscar was killed, Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball tried and convicted Atahualpa of the murder, executing him by strangulation.

For a period, Pizarro maintained the ostensible authority of the Inca-icon.png Inca, recognizing Túpac Huallpa as the Inca-icon.png Sapa Inca after Atahualpa's death. But the conqueror's abuses made this facade too obvious. Spanish domination consolidated itself as successive indigenous rebellions were bloodily repressed. By March 23, 1534, Pizarro and the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish had re-founded the Inca city of Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball as a new Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish colonial settlement.

Establishing a stable colonial government was delayed for some time by native revolts and bands of the Conquistadores (led by Pizarro and Diego de Almagro) fighting among themselves. A long civil war developed, from which the Pizarros emerged victorious at the Battle of Las Salinas. In 1541, Pizarro was assassinated by a faction led by Diego de Almagro II (El Mozo), and the stability of the original colonial regime was shaken up in the ensuing civil war.

Despite this, the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spaniards did not neglect the colonizing process. Its most significant milestone was the foundation of Lima-icon.png Limaball in January 1535, from which the political and administrative institutions were organized. The new rulers instituted an encomienda system, by which the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish extracted tribute from the local population, part of which was forwarded to Seville in return for converting the natives to Christianity. Title to the land itself remained with the king of Spain-icon.png Spain. As governor of Spanish-Empire-icon.png Peruball, Pizarro used the encomienda system to grant virtually unlimited authority over groups of 3-icon.png 3balls to his soldier companions, thus forming the colonial land-tenure structure. The 3-icon.png indigenous inhabitants of Spanish-Empire-icon.png Peruball were now expected to raise Old World cattle, poultry, and crops for their landlords. Resistance was punished severely, giving rise to the "Black Legend".

The necessity of consolidating Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish royal authority over these territories led to the creation of a Real Audiencia (Royal Audience). The following year, in 1542, the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Viceroyalty of Peruball (Virreinato del Perúbola) was established, with authority over most of Spanish-ruled South America. (Colombiaball, Ecuadorball, Panamáball and Venezuelaball were split off as the Viceroyalty of New Granadaball (Virreinato de Nueva Granadabola) in 1717; and Argentinaball, Boliviaball, Paraguayball, and Uruguayball were set up as the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plataball in 1776).

After Pizarro's death, there were numerous internal problems, and Spain-icon.png Spainball finally sent Blasco Núñez Vela to be Peruball's first viceroy in 1544. He was later killed by Pizarro's brother, Gonzalo Pizarro, but a new viceroy, Pedro de la Gasca, eventually managed to restore order. He captured and executed Gonzalo Pizarro.

The Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball created the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Viceroyalty of Peruball, which was reorganized after the arrival of Viceroy Francisco de Toledo in 1572. He anschlussed Neo-Inca Stateball and executed Tupac Amaru I. He also sought economic development through commercial monopoly and mineral extraction, mainly from the silver mines of Potosí. He reused the Inca-icon.png Inca mita, a forced labour program, to mobilize native communities for mining work. This organization transformed Peruball into the main source of Spanish wealth and power in South America.

Nevertheless, throughout the eighteenth century, further away from Lima-icon.png Limaball in the provinces, Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball did not have complete control. Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball could not govern the provinces without the help of local elite. This local elite, who governed under the title of Curaca, took pride in their Inca-icon.png Incan history. Additionally, throughout the eighteenth century, 3-icon.png indigenous people rebelled against the Spanish. Two of the most important rebellions were that of Juan Santos Atahualpa in 1742 in the Andean jungle provinces of Tarma and Jauja, and Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II in 1780 around the highlands near Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball.

On October 28, 1746, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake struck and destroyed Lima and the port of Callao-icon.png Callaoball, causing a tsunami on the coast of Lima-icon.png Limaball, this is one of the most stronkest earthquakes recorded ever.

In 1808, Napoleonic-icon.png Napoleon invaded the Spanish-Empire-icon.pngPortuguese Empire-icon.png Iberian Peninsula and took the king, King-icon.png Ferdinand VII, hostage. Later in 1812, the Cadíz Cortes, the national legislative assembly of Spain, promulgated a liberal Constitution of Cadiz. These events inspired emancipating ideas between the Spanish-icon.png Spanish Criollo people throughout Spanish America. On Peru-icon.png Peruball's clay, The Creole rebellion of Huánuco arose in 1812 and the rebellion of Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball arose between 1814 and 1816. Despite these rebellions, the Criollo oligarchy in Peruball remained mostly Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish loyalist, which accounts for the fact that the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Viceroyalty of Peruball became the last redoubt of the Spanish dominion in South America.

Protectorate of Peru-icon.png Achievement of Independence (Protectorate of Peruball, Republic of Peruball) Peru (1822)-icon.png

Peruball's movement toward independence was launched by an uprising of Spanish-American landowners and their forces, led by José de San Martín of United Provinces of Rio de la Plata-icon.png Argentinaball and Simón Bolívar of Gran Colombia-icon.png Venezuelaball. San Martín, who had displaced the royalists of Patria Vieja-icon.png Chileball after the Battle of Chacabuco, and who had disembarked in Paracas in 1819, led the military campaign of 4,200 soldiers. The expedition which included warships was organized and financed by Patria Vieja-icon.png Chileball which sailed from Valparaíso (city)-icon.png Valparaísoball in August 1820.

During the 1740s-1810s there were revolts on Lima-icon.png Limaball and other cities wanting independence, there were also rebellions led by 4balls across the country.

The revolts and rebellions would become part of the Spanish American wars of independence after United Provinces of Rio de la Plata-icon.png Jose de San Martin proclaimed Protectorate of Peru-icon.png Peruball's independence on July 28, 1821, with the words "... From this moment on, Peru is free and independent, by the general will of the people and the justice of its cause that God defends. Long live the homeland! Long live freedom! Long live our independence!"".

Still, the situation remained changing and emancipation was only completed by December 1824, when General Antonio José de Sucre defeated Zona sublevada-icon (soldier).png Spanish troops at the Battle of Ayacucho. The victory brought about political independence, but there remained indigenous and mestizo supporters of the monarchy and in Huanta Province, they rebelled 1825–28 in violence sometimes called the war of the punas or the Huanta Rebellion.

Spainball made futile attempts to regain its former colonies, such as at the Battle of Callao, and only in 1879 finally recognized Peru-icon.png Peruball's independence.

After independence, Peruball and its neighbours engaged in intermittent territorial disputes. Peruball asked Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball if he wanted to be part of him (Bolivia used to be named "Alto Perú" or "High Peru"), but he said, "Only if we form a confederation" which Peruball agreed, creating the Peru-Bolivian Confederation-icon.png Peru-Bolivian Confederationball, however Chile-icon.png ChileballArgentine Confederation-icon.png Argentinaball and some Peruvian citizens didn't agree with this so they declared war on Peru-Bolivian Confederation-icon.png Peru-Boliviaball.

Peru-Bolivian Confederation-icon.png Peru-Boliviaball lost after three years of fighting in 1839, Peru and Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball will become independent and Argentine Confederation-icon.png Argentinaball gained Jujuyball.

On 1864, Spain-icon.png Spainball tried to seize control of the Chincha Islands and regain control of their colonies by attacking Callao-icon.png Callaoball, however ​Bolivia-icon.png​​ Boliviaball, Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball and Chile-icon.png Chileball later joined the war, resulting again on a Peruvian victory (and Spain-icon.png Spainball finally recognizing Peruball).

Peru-icon.png Peruball embarked on a railroad-building program. The American entrepreneur Henry Meiggs built a standard gauge line from Callao-icon.png Callaoball across the Andes to the Interior, Huancayo-icon.png Huancayoball; striking for Cuzco-icon.png Cuzcoball he built the line and controlled its politics for a while; in the end, he bankrupted himself and the country. President Tomás Guardia contracted with Meiggs in 1871 to build a railroad to the Atlantic. Financial problems forced the government to take over in 1874. The labour conditions were complex, with conflicts arising from different levels of skill and organization among the USA-icon.png North Americans, 2-icon.png Europeans, 8-icon.png blacks, and Qing-icon.png Chinese. Conditions were very brutal for the Qing-icon.png Chinese and led to strikes and violent suppression.

During the 1870s, Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball dragged Peruball into a war with Chile-icon.png Chileball since Peruball had signed a defence pact with Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball however Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball left Peruball alone and thus, Peruball lost, some of southern Peru is now a part of Chile-icon.png Chileball (RECUPERAREMOS ARICA, CHILENO.)

After the War of the Pacific, an extraordinary effort of rebuilding began. The government started to initiate a number of social and economic reforms in order to recover from the damage of the war. Political stability was achieved only in the early 1900s.

In 1894, Nicolás de Piérola, after allying his party with the Civil Party of Peru to organize guerrilla fighters to occupy Lima-icon.png Limaball, ousted Andrés Avelino Cáceres and once again became president of Peru-icon.png Peruball in 1895. After a brief period in which the military once again controlled the country, civilian rule was permanently established with Pierola's election in 1895. His second term was successfully completed in 1899 and was marked by his reconstruction of a devastated Peruball by initiating fiscal, military, and civil reforms. Until the 1920s, this period was called the "Aristocratic Republic", since most of the presidents were from the social elite.

During Augusto B. Leguía's periods in government [1908–1912 and 1919–1930, the latter is known as the "Oncenio" (the "Eleventh")], the entrance of American capital became general and the bourgeoisie was favoured. This policy, along with increased dependence on foreign investment, focused opposition from the most progressive sectors of Peruvian society against the landowner oligarchy.

There was a final peace treaty in 1929, signed between Peru-icon.png Peruball and Chile-icon.png Chileball and called the Treaty of Lima by which Tacna-icon.png Tacnaball returned to Peru and Peru yielded permanently the formerly rich provinces of Arica (city)-icon.png Aricaball and Tarapaca-icon.png Tarapacaball, but kept certain rights to the port activities in Arica (city)-icon.png Aricaball and restrictions on what Chile-icon.png Chileball can do on those territories.

On 1924, from Mexico-icon.png Mexicoball, university reform leaders in Peru-icon.png Peruball who had been forced into exile by the government founded the American People's Revolutionary Alliance, which had a major influence on the country's political life. APRA is thus largely a political expression of the university reform and workers' struggles of the years 1918-1920. The movement draws its influences from the Mexican Revolution and its 1917 Constitution, particularly on issues of agrarianism and indigenism, and to a lesser extent from the Russian revolution. Close to Marxism (its leader, Haya de la Torre, declares that "APRA is the Marxist interpretation of the American reality"), it nevertheless moves away from it on the question of class struggle and on the importance given to the struggle for the political unity of Latin America.

In 1928, the Socialism-icon.png Peruvian Socialist Party was founded, notably under the leadership of José Carlos Mariátegui, himself a former member of APRA. Shortly afterwards, in 1929, the party created the General Confederation of Workers.

After the worldwide crisis of 1929, numerous brief governments followed one another. The APRA party had the opportunity to cause system reforms by means of political actions, but it was not successful. This was a nationalistic movement, populist and anti-imperialist, headed by Victor Raul Haya de la Torre in 1924. The Socialism-icon.png Socialist Party of Peru, later the Communism-icon.png Peruvian Communist Party, was created four years later and it was led by Jose C. Mariategui.

Peru-icon.png Present and modern days (Peruball)

Repression was brutal in the early 1930s and tens of thousands of APRA followers (Apristas) were executed or imprisoned. This period was also characterized by sudden population growth and an increase in urbanization. According to Alberto Flores Galindo, "By the 1940 census, the last that utilized racial categories, mestizos were grouped with whites, and the two constituted more than 53 per cent of the population. Mestizos likely outnumbered the indigenous peoples and were the largest population group."

During that period of time (1932), Peruball went in an armed conflict with Colombia-icon.png Colombiaball over territory in the Amazon Rainforest, but it was later resolved by League of Nationsball.

On 1941, Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball and Peruball had so many territorial disputes that they went to war, the war was won by Peru-icon.png Peruball super quickly and Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball had to give (or recognize) Loreto-icon.png Loretoball to Peruball,

Some period of time after that, on February 12, 1944, Peru-icon.png Peruball was one of the South American nations – following Brazil-icon.png Brazilball on August 22, 1942, Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball on April 7, 1943, and Colombia-icon.png Colombiaball on July 26, 1943, to align with the Allied forces against the Axis.

Following the Allied victory in World War II by September 2, 1945, in the mid-20th century Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre (founder of the APRA), together with José Carlos Mariátegui (leader of the Peruvian Communist Party), were two major forces in Peru-icon.png Peruball's politics. Ideologically opposed, they both managed to create the first political parties that tackled the social and economic problems of the country. Although Mariátegui died at a young age, Haya de la Torre was twice elected president, but prevented by the Military-icon.png military from taking office. During World War II, the country rounded up around 2,000 of its Japan-icon.png Japanese immigrant population and shipped them to USA-icon.png USAball as part of the Japanese-American internment program.

President Bustamante y Rivero hoped to create a more democratic government by limiting the power of the military and the oligarchy. Elected with the cooperation of the APRA, the conflict soon arose between the President-icon.png President and Haya de la Torre. Without the support of the APRA party, Bustamante y Rivero found his presidency severely limited. The President-icon.png President disbanded his Aprista cabinet and replaced it with a mostly military one. In 1948, Minister Manuel A. Odria and other right-wing elements of the Cabinet urged Bustamante y Rivero to ban the APRA, but when the President refused, Odría resigned his post.

In a military coup on October 29, Gen. Manuel A. Odria became the new President. Odría's presidency was known as the Ochenio. He came down hard on APRA, momentarily pleasing the oligarchy and all others on the right, but followed a Populism-icon.png populist course that won him great favour with the poor and lower classes. A thriving economy allowed him to indulge in expensive but crowd-pleasing social policies. At the same time, however, civil rights were severely restricted and corruption was rampant throughout his régime.

It was feared that his Dictator-icon.png dictatorship would run indefinitely, so it came as a surprise when Odría allowed new elections. During this time, Fernando Belaúnde Terry started his political career and led the slate submitted by the National Front of Democratic Youth. After the National Election Board refused to accept his candidacy, he led a massive protest, and the striking image of Belaúnde walking with the flag was featured by newsmagazine Caretas the following day, in an article entitled "Así Nacen Los Lideres" ("Thus Are Leaders Born"). Belaúnde's 1956 candidacy was ultimately unsuccessful, as the dictatorship-favoured right-wing candidacy of Manuel Prado Ugarteche took first place.

Belaúnde ran for President-icon.png president once again in the National Elections Of 1962, this time with his own party, Acción Popular (Popular Action). He ended in second place, following Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre (APRA), by less than 14,000 votes. Since none of the candidates managed to get the Constitutionally-established minimum of one-third of the vote required to win outright, selection of the President-icon.png President should have fallen to Congress; the long-held antagonistic relationship between the Military-icon.png military and APRA prompted Haya de la Torre to make a deal with former Dictator-icon.png dictator Odria, who had come in third, which would have resulted in Odria taking the Presidency in a coalition government.

However, widespread allegations of fraud prompted Peru-icon (soldier).png Peruball's military to depose Prado and install a Military-icon.png military junta, led by Ricardo Perez Godoy. Godoy ran a short transitional government and held new elections in 1963, which were won by Belaúnde by a more comfortable but still narrow five per cent margin.

Throughout Latin America in the 1960s, Communism-icon.png communist movements inspired by the Cuban Revolution sought to win power through guerrilla warfare. The Revolutionary Left Movement, or MIR, launched an insurrection that had been crushed by 1965, but Peru-icon.png Peruball's internal strife would only accelerate until its climax in the 1990s.

The Military-icon.png military has been prominent in Peru-icon.png Peruball's history. Coups have repeatedly interrupted civilian constitutional government. The most recent period of Dictator-icon.png military rule (1968–1980) began when General Juan Velasco Alvarado overthrew President Fernando, Belaúnde Terry. As part of what has been called the "first phase" of the military government's nationalist program, Velasco undertook an extensive agrarian reform program and nationalized the fish meal industry, some petroleum companies, and several banks and mining firms.

On 1970, a 7.9 earthquake struck the city of Ancash-icon.png Ancashball causing a deadly avalanche on Huascaran, killing 20,000 people, this is considered the deadliest avalanche ever recorded on human history.

General Dictator-icon.png Francisco Morales Bermúdez replaced Velasco during 1975. Morales Bermúdez moved the revolution into a more conservative "second phase", tempering the measures of the first phase and beginning the task of restoring Peru-icon.png Peruball's economy. Morales Bermúdez presided over the return to the civilian government in accordance with a new constitution drawn up in 1979.

In the May 1980 elections, President Fernando Belaúnde Terry was returned to office by a strong plurality. One of his first actions as President was the return of several newspapers to their respective owners. In this way, freedom of speech once again played an important part in Peru-icon.png Peruball's politics. Gradually, he also attempted to undo some of the most radical effects of the Agrarian Reform initiated by Velasco and reversed the independent stance that the Military Government of Velasco had with USA-icon.png USAball.

Belaúnde's second term was also marked by the unconditional support for Argentina-icon (soldier).png Argentinaball during the Falklands War with UK-icon.png UKball in 1982. Peru-icon.png Peruball proposed a peace settlement between the two countries, but it was rejected by both sides, as both claimed undiluted sovereignty of the territory.

How Shining Path was created

 During the 1980s, cultivation of illicit coca was established in large areas on the eastern Andean slope. Rural insurgent movements, like Communism-icon.png Shining Pathball (Sendero Luminoso, SL) and MRTA-icon.png Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movementball (MRTA) increased during this time and derived significant financial support from alliances with the narcotraffickers, leading to the Internal conflict in Peru. Also, Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball went at war with Peruball again but they had peace.

The nagging economic problems left over from the previous military government persisted, worsened by an occurrence of the "El Niño" weather phenomenon in 1982–83, which caused widespread flooding in some parts of the country, severe droughts in others, and decimated the schools of ocean fish that are one of the country's major resources. After a promising beginning, Belaúnde's popularity eroded under the stress of inflation, economic hardship, and terrorism.

In 1985, the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA) won the presidential election, bringing Alan García to office. The transfer of the presidency from Belaúnde to García on July 28, 1985, was Peruball's first exchange of power from one democratically elected leader to another for the first time in 40 years.

With a parliamentary majority for the first time in APRA's history, Alan García started his administration with hopes for a better future. However, economic mismanagement led to hyperinflation from 1988 to 1990. García's term in office was marked by bouts of hyperinflation, which reached 7,649% in 1990 and had a cumulative total of 2,200,200% between July 1985 and July 1990, thereby profoundly destabilizing Peruball's economy.

Owing to such chronic inflation, the Peruvian currency, the sol, was replaced by the Inti in mid-1985, which itself was replaced by the nuevo sol ("new sun") in July 1991, at which time the new sol had a cumulative value of one billion old soles. During his administration, the per capita annual income of Peruvians fell to $720 (below the level of 1960) and Peru's Gross Domestic Product dropped 20%. By the end of his term, national reserves were a negative $900 million.

The economic turbulence of the time exacerbated social tensions in Peruball and partly contributed to the rise of Shining Pathball. The García administration unsuccessfully sought a military solution to the growing terrorism, committing human rights violations which are still under investigation.

Concerned about the economy, the increasing terrorist threat from Communism-icon.png Sendero Luminosoball and MRTA-icon.png MRTAball, and allegations of official corruption, voters chose a relatively unknown mathematician-turned-politician, Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Alberto Fujimori, as president in 1990. The first round of the election was won by well-known writer Mario Vargas Llosa, a conservative candidate who went on to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2010, but Fujimori defeated him in the second round. Fujimori implemented drastic measures that caused inflation to drop from 7,650% in 1990 to 139% in 1991. The currency is devalued by 200%, prices are rising sharply (especially gasoline, whose price is multiplied by 30), hundreds of public companies are privatized and 300,000 jobs are being lost. The majority of the population has not benefited from the years of strong growth, which will ultimately only widen the gap between rich and poor. The poverty rate remained at around 50%.

As other Dictator-icon.png dictators did, Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Fujimori dissolved Congress in the auto-golpe of April 5, 1992, in order to have total control of the government of Peru-icon.png Peruball. He then eliminated the constitution; called new congressional elections; and implemented substantial economic reform, including privatization of numerous state-owned companies, creation of an investment-friendly climate, and sound management of the economy.

Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Fujimori's administration was dogged by several insurgent groups, most notably Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), which carried on a Military-icon.png terrorist campaign in the countryside throughout the 1980s and 1990s. He cracked down on the insurgents and was successful in largely quelling them by the late 1990s, but the fight was marred by atrocities committed by both the Peru-icon (soldier).png Peruvian security forces and the insurgents: the Barrios Altos massacre and La Cantuta massacre by Government paramilitary groups, and the bombings of Tarata and Frecuencia Latina by Communism-icon.png Shining Path. Those examples subsequently came to be seen as symbols of the human rights violations committed during the last years of violence. With the capture of Abimael Guzmán (known as President Gonzalo to the Shining Path) in September 1992, the Communism-icon.png Shining Path received a severe blow which practically destroyed the organization.

In December 1996, a group of insurgents belonging to MRTA-icon.png MRTAball took over Japan-icon.png Japanball's embassy in Lima-icon.png Limaball, taking 72 people hostage. Military commandos stormed the embassy compound in May 1997, which resulted in the death of all 15 hostage takers, one hostage, and 2 commandos. It later emerged, however, that Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Fujimori's security chief Vladimiro Montesinos may have ordered the killing of at least eight of the rebels after they surrendered.

Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Fujimori's constitutionally questionable decision to seek a third term and subsequent tainted victory in June 2000 brought political and economic turmoil. A bribery scandal that broke just weeks after he took office in July forced Fujimori to call new elections in which he would not run. The scandal involved Vladimiro Montesinos, who was shown in a video broadcast on TV bribing a politician to change sides. Montesinos subsequently emerged as the center a vast web of illegal activities, including embezzlement, graft, drug trafficking, as well as human rights violations committed during the war against Shining Pathball.

In November 2000, Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Fujimori resigned from office and went to Japan-icon.png Japanball in self-imposed exile, avoiding prosecution for human rights violations and corruption charges by the new Peruvian authorities. His main intelligence chief, Vladimiro Montesinos, fled Peru-icon.png Peruball shortly afterwards. Authorities in Venezuela-icon.png Venezuelaball arrested him in Caracas in June 2001 and turned him over to Peruvian authorities; he is now imprisoned and charged with acts of corruption and human rights violations committed during Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Fujimori's administration.

A caretaker government presided over by Valentín Paniagua took on the responsibility of conducting new presidential and congressional elections. The elections were held in April 2001; observers considered them to be free and fair. Alejandro Toledo (who led the opposition against Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Fujimori) defeated former President Alan García.

The newly elected government took office on July 28, 2001. The Toledo Administration managed to restore some degree of democracy to Peru-icon.png Peruball following the authoritarianism and corruption that plagued both the Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Fujimori and García governments. Innocents wrongfully tried by military courts during the war against terrorism (1980–2000) were allowed to receive new trials in civilian courts.

On August 28, 2003, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (CVR), which had been charged with studying the roots of the violence of the 1980–2000 period, presented its formal report to the President.

President Toledo was forced to make a number of cabinet changes, mostly in response to personal scandals. Toledo's governing coalition had a minority of seats in Congress and had to negotiate on an ad hoc basis with other parties to form majorities on legislative proposals. Toledo's popularity in the polls suffered throughout the last years of his regime, due in part to family scandals and in part to dissatisfaction among workers with their share of benefits from Peru-icon.png Peruball's macroeconomic success. After strikes by teachers and agricultural producers led to nationwide road blockages in May 2003, Toledo declared a state of emergency that suspended some civil liberties and gave the military power to enforce order in 12 regions. The state of emergency was later reduced to only a few areas where Shining Pathball was operating.

On 2005, a minor 7.5 earthquake struck the regional department of Loreto-icon.png Loretoball and killed at least 5 people, shocks were felt on Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball and southern Colombia-icon.png Colombiaball, the only one that helped Peru-icon.png Peruball was Israel-icon.png Israelcube.

On July 28, 2006 former president Alan García became the current President of Peru-icon.png Peruball. He won the 2006 elections after winning in a runoff against Ollanta Humala.

During the night of August 15, 2007, at 18:40:57 UTC, another 7.9 earthquakes struck the provinces of Ica-icon.png Icaball and Lima-icon.png Limaball, killing more than 500+ people, there were even blue lights on the sky, all of OAS-icon.png Latin America supported Peru-icon.png Peruball by sending money and reparations, the ones that show most support were Chile-icon.png Chileball, Colombia-icon.png Colombiaball (even Shakira donated some money), Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball and Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball.

During May 2008, President García was a signatory to The UNASUR Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations. Peru has ratified the treaty.

On June 5, 2011, Ollanta Humala was elected President in a run-off against Keiko Fujimori, the daughter of Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Alberto Fujimori and former First Lady of Peru, in the 2011 elections, making him the first leftist president of Peru since Juan Velasco Alvarado. In December 2011, a state of emergency was declared following popular opposition to some major mining project and environmental concerns.

Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (often known as PPK) was elected president in the general election in July 2016. His parents were Poland-icon.png polish refugees fleeing from nazism. Kuczynski is committed to integrating and acknowledging Peru's indigenous populations, and state-run TV has begun daily news broadcasts in Cuzco-icon.png Quechua and Aymara-icon.png Aymara. Kuczynski was widely criticized on pardoning former Alberto Fujimori-icon.png President Alberto Fujimori, going against his campaign promises against his rival, Keiko Fujimori.

During March 2018, after a failure to impeach the President-icon.png president, Kuczynski faced yet again the threat of impeachment on the basis of corruption in vote-buying and bribery with the Odebrecht corporation. On March 23, 2018, Kuczynski was forced to resign from the presidency and has not been heard from since.

Kuczynski's successor would be his first vice president, engineer Martín Vizcarra, who would succeed him as president until the end of Kuczynski's term in 2021

Peruball does not change much after 2018, he is currently part of four alliances, 3 on South America and the UN-icon.png UNball, he is neutral on both Cold War and Second Cold War, also recently, his son  Lima-icon.png Limaball was the host of the 2019 Panamerican Games, it was one of the best events on the modern history of Peru!

Flag Colors

The Flag of Peruball was first adopted by the Government of Peruball in 1824 but later modified just 126 years later in 1950. The flag features a tricolour. The colours being red on the right and left of the flag while white in the middle.

In most flag appearances, to prevent confusion, there is the Coat of Arms of Peruball in the middle of the flag featuring a fauna on the top left of the seal, a holm oak on the top right, and the Civic Crown on the bottom of the Seal.

Don't get confused with the Canadaball’s flag as both have similar colours, and similar flag likes, except for that the Flag of Canadaball features a maple leaf in the middle.

Color Name RGB CMYK HEX
Lava 217, 16, 35 C0-M93-Y84-K15 #D91023
White 255, 255, 255 N/A #FFFFFF

Etymology

Peru-icon.png Peruball's name may be derived from Birú, the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, City of Panama-icon.png Panama Cityball, in the early 16th century. When his possessions were visited by the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball in 1522, they were the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans. Thus, when Spanish-Empire-icon.png Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Birú or Perú.

Another possible reason is provided by the writer Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, son of an Inca-icon.png Inca princess and a conquistador. He said the name Birú was the name of a common 3-icon.png 3ball happened upon by the crew of a ship on an exploratory mission for governor Pedro Arias de Ávila and went on to relate more instances of misunderstandings due to the lack of a common language.

The Spanish-Empire-icon.png Spanish Empireball gave the name legal status with the 1529 Capitulación de Toledo, which designated the newly encountered Inca-icon.png Inca Empireball as the province of Peru-icon.png Peruball. Under Spanish rule, the country adopted the denomination Spanish-Empire-icon.png Viceroyalty of Peru ball, which became Peru-icon.png Peruball after independence.

How to Draw

Peruball is quite easy to draw, in fact, most people drawing Peruball don't need a tutorial, but if you don't think it's easy then look at this tutorial.

  1. Draw a circle.
  2. Color the circle with red.
  3. Draw a thick white line in the middle.
  4. Give it some eyes and there you go, you are finished!

Relations

Friends (Causas/Baterías)

Peruball has made some friends and enemies throughout the time and is friends with almost every countryball, as mentioned before, he is kind which makes him get lots of friends.

  • Russia-icon.png Russiaball - We are into good Relationships! they once gave us many strong weapons to give friendship to Chileball but our president Velasco died early, we now into good traits! Thank you very much for the opportunity I had to go to the World Cup.
  • Spain-icon.png Spainball - My mother, she used to abuse me but now we are very good since she banned slavery. She is very kind and without her then I and my amazing brothers wouldn't be alive.
  • Inca-icon.png Inca Empireball - My father, he died before I was born
  • Colombia-icon.png Colombiaball - They are very good friends too! A lot of history between us, especially now since we have good president friendship, they are very close to us on culture and people, we usually are on pair when playing football, but they win more often. They give a lot of buen café too!
  • Canada-icon.png Canadaball - Cool cousin, we’ve known each other since the 1940s and they’re one of my best friends. However you copied my flag and added a maple leaf on it... we’re both of USA allies though.
  • Brazil-icon.png Brazilball - Brazil is a good friend even though they always destroy us on football, we can fight Brazil on volleyball! but nadie cares about that, also they huehuehue on our Doto but is really nothing serious. We gave them some land a long time ago, but we not angry anymore.
  • Argentina-icon.png Argentinaball - They show a strong friendship. Argentina sold weaponry to Ecuadorball in its war against Peru although Peru had supported Argentina in Falklands War. After this, Argentina feels repented about making these decisions and feels indebted with Peru. We have a strong military and we have so much in common, we are in the same 6 alliances around the world.
  • Mexico-icon.png Mexicoball - We both know that I HAVE BETTER GASTRONOMY AND FOOD! INCA EMPIRE BETTER THAN AZTEC! You robaste my chances to host the 1970 World Cup and also stole two-thirds of my flag! But still buen hermano, we can improve trade, he helped me during my floodings and I helped him during the earthquake.
  • Austria-icon.png Austriaball - His flag is in fact, very similar to mine but at least not that common like Canadaball. I never did harm to your clay during the war though. Good European friend. Speaking of Australia-icon.png Australiaball, me and Austria-icon.png Austriaball both dislike him, so we're fine.
  • China-icon.png Chinaball - They are closely influenced by cultural issues. Most commonly known about the gastronomic share of Chifa food, which means rice eating and is the result of mixing both culinary cultures. It is believed that primitive cultures in Peru were highly influenced by the first expeditions to America made by the Chinese people or even being themselves their ancestors due to similar words in their language or the similarity presented in their traditional clothing. They also give us nice spices and sauce, to make more food!
  • Kosovo-icon.png Kosovoball - Unlike the other nations on South America, Me and Colombiaball of recognize his independence but to avoid problems, I don’t have an embassy on his land.
  • NATO-icon.png NATOball - All of the members have good diplomatic ties with me and always of help me every time. I wish I had acceso to the North Atlantic Ocean, But I'm already a US ally which means I don't need to join NATOball.
  • Switzerland-icon.png Switzerlandball - We became enemies for not letting me into his world cup and for banning Paolo Guerrero but now that they unbanned Paolo Guerrero I guess are once again, friends. We are both neutral and we podemos jugar Football and World Cup but I perdi contra France-icon.png Franceball desafortunadamente.
  • UN-icon.png UNball - I was their leader before, but resigné for some reasons, they helped me with my 2007 earthquake, also my best alliance of todas.
  • USA-icon.png USAball - They are one of my mejores friends. His president Richard Nixon visited our clay after the 1970 Ancash Earthquake and also sent helicopters after the 2007 Pisco Earthquake, he trades with me and we both are in some factions together. The only problem is...THEY KEEP STEALING ME LLAMAS!
  • France-icon.png Franceball - Very good European friend, we’ve had diplomatic relations since the 1960s and been cool with each other ever since.
  • Poland-icon.png Polandball - HAPPY 100th BIRTHDAY TO YOU AMIGO!
  • Sweden-icon.png Swedenball - 0-0 is an okay football match, so we‘re cool with each other. We both are of obsessed with YouTube. (Andynsane > PewDiePie)
  • Germany-icon.png Germanyball - He is rich, and another trabajador like me. We can into top 20 best football teams and good diplomatic relations.
  • Israel-icon.png Israelcube - He is richer than me, pero has a smaller territorio somehow. Bueno... developed nation but I recognize Palestine, we’re just neutrál in this whole situación. We have a smaller Jewish community with around 1,000 people, the same as Islam. Also he was the first to help me on my 1970, 2005 and 2007 earthquake, good person in general.
  • Indonesia-icon.png Indonesiaball - Non-alligned pal (and probably cousin), we both podemos destroying commies also is un very close to my friend, Philippinesball.
  • Portugal-icon.png Portugalball - Cristiano Ronaldo's country, uncle and father of Brazilball and East Timorball. We both don't know each other very well but good uncle.
  • Finland-icon.png Finlandball - I was one of the first to recognize tu on 1919, he has two honorary consulate and an embassy on my territorio and I también have embassy on Helsinki-icon.png Helsinkiball, we have long friendship too.
  • East Timor-icon.png East Timorball - Cousin that other cousin bullies a lot. I will of remove Indonesia-icon.png Bully!!!
  • Vatican-icon.png Vaticanball - During the month of February 2018, Pope Francis visited our capital Lima-icon.png Limaball for a few days after a visit to Chileball. First John Paul II visiting Plaza San Miguel then Pope benedict XVI. Easily one of the best meses of my life!
  • Italy-icon.png Italyball - Second best cooker after me, Brazilball killed him off on 1943 but is still good uncle, nuestra amistad diplomatica is very long like mine with Japanball, but Ceviche is better than Pizza.
  • Palestine-icon.png Palestineball - I recognize him but he is mean to Israelcube so I don't know much about him.
  • Greece-icon.png Greeceball - We have very good diplomatic relations, a greek-peruvian was put into a scandal for leaving the opposition and joining the Fujimorist side of the congress but we can still into friends.
  • Egypt-icon.png Egyptball - Some turkish TV novels are based on Egypt and also we both had long histories of our land, we were colonized by big colonial empires and we both have embassys on each other’s land.
  • South Africa-icon.png South Africaball - My favorite african cousin. We have a big economy, great culture and great geography.
  • Croatia-icon.png Croatiaball - 6,000 Croatians are living on our land, especially during the Croatian Homeland War, but we are good friends. They did what I could not do on the World Cup, try to beat France in a very cool way. However they came 2nd place.
  • Paraguay-icon.png Paraguayball - He is a hermano that is agaisnt everyone, well there is not that much to hablar about him.
  • Belarus-icon.png Belarusball - We are both friends of Russiaball and we have ambassadors on each other, also another red and white flag. We are very great friends, any friend of Russiaball is my friend en verdad.
  • BRICS-icon.png BRICSbrick - All of his members are very kind with me and have okay relations with them, I was hoping to join some day but, the name would change to “PRICKS”.
  • Thailand-icon.png Thailandball - We are Pacific buddies, and also good friends.
  • Cyprus-icon.png Cyprusball - Good friend and he is another ancient ball. He is a good person and I recognize you fully as True Cyprus.
  • Philippines-icon.png Philippinesball - She is Peru's Archipelago adoptive sister and a friend. She is also the Estados Unidos' beloved friend. Despite the fact that they are relatively distant and the two never talk that much, Peru cared for Philippine's lost Hispanic heritage. In fact, in 2008, they both talked about how Peru wanted to re-introduce the Spanish language back in the Philippines and how it would improve their trade with Hispanic countries, but sadly it was later debunked in 2009 thus leaving him upset. Duterte-icon.png Duterte attended the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Lima on November 19–20, 2016, which was hosted by my president.
  • India-icon.png Indiaball - He also has long histories and culture, we are far from each other but good cousin, also we are informados of the lastest technology and we get some oil too.
  • Pakistan-icon.png Pakistanball - Another ball that has a long history.
  • Singapore-icon.png Tringapore - We have so much in common, he is richer than me and is very rarely victim of natural disasters unlike me. A very developed countryball with very tall towers and very good looking towns, also a good cousin and helped me a bit on the 2007 Earthquake.
  • Algeria-icon.png Algeriaball - We both have embassies on each other.
  • Uruguay-icon.png Uruguayball - Another brother that is a guay, he plays football, drinks mate and smokes weed a lot.
  • Turkey-icon.png Turkeyball - I love watching your TV shows, please don't stop airing them. I watch them every day on my Smart TV I bought on Metro.
  • Taiwan-icon.png Taiwanball - We are both in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation but if I recognize you I might get in a lot of trouble.
  • South Korea-icon.png South Koreaball - Good friend, he’s also a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, some of my people like K-Pop, we have a ton of K-Pop fans in here.
  • Romania-icon.png Romaniaball - Good friend, I have embassy on him along with a park but we do not know each other very well, but I know that he is a vampire and he is the birthplace of Dracula.
  • Japan-icon.png Japanball - They are actually nice people and contributed to expand our culture adding in our gastronomy the use of Ajinomoto. But in the 90s, a Peruvian-Japanese president named Alberto Fujimori-icon.png Alberto Fujimori came to the power and without any need (he did it for its political philosophy) started selling the most important national companies and indebting the country to other nations and even at cost of our enviroment. This, with the Pacific War, has marked the future of Peru and sometimes "japos" (a despective way of calling a japanese in Peru) are not very well received.

Neutral ('Manos/Patas)

  • Bolivia-icon.png Boliviaball - He was once a really close friend & brother, we once fused to become a superpower called Peru-Bolivian Confederationball but after some problems, we got separated, then we did some treaties in order to halp us to fight future problems, but when they called us to fight Chileball, who had serious problems with them, and we were into helping, they of betrayed us and left us alone, making us lose clay and good resources. They cannot into sea now, so we no mind. JAJAJAJA
  • Chile-icon.png Chileball - My coast-addicted brother. Stole land from me and landlocked Bolivia, even placed landmines to prevent me from ever coming back! Relations are improving though, as we're beginning to open up to each other and trade, we both helped each other on our recent earhquakes on 2007 and 2010. Who knows in the future we will not unite in an military alliance. But I have a condition to improve our relationship even more: STOP SAYING I LIKE TO EAT PALOMAS !!!! lol the razon why he didnt go to Rusia 2018 is my culpa
  • Venezuela-icon.png Venezuelaball - Brother that is sometimes kind and sometimes mean, he is usually mean but he gave thanks to our former president, Pedro Pablo Kucynzki after he resigned because of a controversial brazilian company. He is a communist which is also no bueno.
  • New Zealand-icon.png New Zealandball - He can into Asia Pacific Cooperation Union like me! We both know how powerful earthquakes feel and help each other every day. Also the team that got me into the 2018 copa.
  • Australia-icon.png Australiaball - Very nice friend, with many nice things. JAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJAJA! I FINALLY WON MY FIRST WORLD CUP GAME IN 40 YEARS!!!!
  • Cuba-icon.png Cubaball - I broke off diplomatic relations with him shortly after his revolution but we started to get better time by time. Our presidents met with Fidel Castro a few times and we also cooperated to help Chile on his 2010 earthquake, he supposedly supported Shining Pathball for a while but now we are pretty much neutral with each other.
  • Soviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball - Thanks for selling me weapons even though I was in the Non-Alligned Movement but WHY ARE YOU A COMMIE MI CAUSA?? Atleast he did not support the terrucas.
  • Ireland-icon.png Irelandball - The last time I saw this guy he was drunk en un bar and he started hugging me saying that he praised me because to him I was like a celebritie because that I invented the potato [sic] ... then he vomited on me. Glad you like puré de papa.

Enemies (Cojudos)

  • Ecuador-icon.png Ecuadorball (sometimes) - WORST BROTHER BESIDES CHILE. YOU CANNOT INTO AMAZON, AND STOP SAYING I EAT PIDGEONS!! (But we are improving relations.)
  • Shining Path-icon.png Shining Pathball - NEVER FORGET TARATA AND 1992! NEVER FORGET FRECUENCIA LATINA!!! REMOVE GUZMAN PE LACRA CONCHUDO, ESTO ES PERÚ Y SE VA QUEDAR ASI DE ESA MANERA TERRUCA COJUDO!! All you would have done as leader of Perú was murder people for no good reason other than opposing your government and PRONTO you will disappear from the surface of Earth cojudo. BUT we don't mind anymore, Guzman is in jail now, ¡JA!
  • MRTA-icon.png Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaruball - Oh you were just as bad as that Shining Path-icon.png rotten puto...
  • France-icon.png Franceball (only in football) - 1-0 2018 NO SE VALE!!!! COMO!!! I AM GONNA CUT THE EIFFEL TOWER IN HALF AND STEAL ALL YOUR BAGUETTE NOW!
  • Denmark-icon.png Denmarkball - COMO ME METISTE GOL??!!! TAPE BIEN MI ARCO!!! REMOVE LEGO!! NEVER FORGET 1-0. If I can into Nordic, you can into flag stealer.
  • Federal State of Loreto-icon.png EFLball - ¡NO INDEPENDENCIA FOR YOU!

Regional departments (Los Dhepahtamentos)

Peru-icon.png Peruball has a total of 24 departments, including 2 special ones (Limaball and Callaoball).

Peruball's regional departments

  1. Amazonasball - He usually like rivers and water.
  2. Ancashball - He hates earthquakes and avalanches, also seems to really like high mountains and gain tourists.
  3. Apurímacball - He is very close to Cuzcoball, he likes trees and rivers.
  4. Arequipaball - The 2nd most urbanized department on Peruball, he once was the capital before Limaball took his place. Stop rebelling over something that happened centuries ago, no independence for yuo!
  5. Ayacuchoball - He has so many colonial churchs, he also has a temple.
  6. Cajamarcaball - He misses to be part of the Inca Empireball.
  7. Callaoball - My only harbor, proud son. Hates Lima-icon.png Limaball, he almost got anschlussed by him. He also enjoys fishing and cooking ceviche.
  8. Cuzcoball - Place of one of the wonders of the world, Machu Picchu, which is one of the reasons Peruball gets many tourists.
  9. Huancavelicaball - Like Limaball but he has many colonial places.
  10. Huánucoball - He loves his parks, they are one of the best things to him.
  11. Icaball - Hates earthquakes so much, he loves beaches and the night.
  12. Junínball - He loves papa a la huancaina so much.
  13. La Libertadball - Around 3 cultures of the Inca Empireball controlled his clay.
  14. Lambayequeball - His clay is very hot, in fact most of his clay is desert, beach and nothingness.
  15. Limaball - The capital of Peru, he loves panettone and Inca Kola, he usually shops everyday.
  16. Loretoball - He is the most developed department on the Peruvian part of the Amazon Rainforest.
  17. Madre de Diosball - One of the most urbanized areas on Peru, he is in the amazon rainforest and borders Boliviaball and Brazilball.
  18. Moqueguaball - Has beautiful mountains, he was once part of Chileball but there were some riots and it was ceded to Peruball once again.
  19. Pascoball - Kinda poor but has many resources inside of his clay.
  20. Piuraball - Good place for Malagasy and Chifles
  21. Punoball - Many people living on his clay are dying because of the winter, it is very cold there.
  22. San Martínball - Another beautiful department, his capital copied Nigeria's flag.
  23. Tacnaball - Another department that was ceded back to Peruball on 1931 after the riots.
  24. Tumbesball - He has so many beautiful beaches and close to the equator so there is a beautiful sunset. He will soon anschluss Guayaquilball
  25. Ucayaliball - He borders most of Brazil, not so developed but has amazing rivers.
  26. Peruvian Antarctica-icon.png Peruvian Antarcticaball - Cannot into existings... hope it will pronto though.

National Heroes (Heroes del Perú)

  • Miguel Grau - He was known as el Caballero de los Mares (Spanish for "Gentleman of the Seas") for his kind and chivalrous treatment of defeated enemies and is esteemed by both Peruvians and Chileans. He is an iconic figure for the Peruvian Navy, and one of the most famous merchant marine and naval military leaders of the Americas.
  • Luis Montero Cáceres - He was one of the most important painters of the 19th century.
  • Juan Velasco Alvarado - Former president of the republic, whose military government carried out economic and social reforms unusual in a Latin American nation.
  • Francisco Bolognesi - Peruvian military man who fought in the Pacific War, died in the Battle of Arica like Alfonso Ugarte; He said the phrase "Until the last cartridge is burned".
  • Alfonso Ugarte -  Peruvian civilian turned military commander during the War of the Pacific. Ugarte died fighting at Arica. He rode his horse over the Rock of Arica in order to prevent the Peruvian flag, which he was carrying, from being captured by the Chilean troops. Thus, Alfonso Ugarte indeed fulfilled the promise to fight to the last bullet.
  • José Quiñones Gonzales - He was a military aviator. During the Ecuadorian-Peruvian War of 1941, Quiñones' aircraft, a North American NA-50 "TORITO" (North American P-64), was mortally hit by ground fire from a battery of Ecuadorian anti-aircraft artillery. Instead of parachuting to safety, Quiñones chose to make the supreme sacrifice by crashing his damaged aircraft onto the Ecuadorian position, rendering the battery out of action.
  • Hector Chumpitaz - He is a former football player, considered by FIFA as one of the best defenders of the 20th century, he's also one of the maximum exponents of the history of Peruvian football.

Appendices

Catholic-icon.png Religion Protestant-icon.png

80% of the population of Peruball's main religion is Catholic-icon.png Catholicism, followed by Protestant-icon.png Protestantism supported by 14%, Atheism-icon.png Atheism by 4% and Islam-icon.png Jew-icon.png Hinduism-icon.png Buddhism-icon.png other religions by 2% (commonly Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism)

Christian-icon.png Christianityball came by Spanish, German and British inmigrants coming to Peruball's clay, christianity was put as the official religion of the Spanish-Empire-icon.png Viceroyalty of Peruball by Spainball, which is made by Catholicismball and Protestantismball.

Islam-icon.png Islamball came to Peru-icon.png Peruball by Arab and Turkish communities on Peruball. (Like Buddhism (by the Chinese), Hinduism (by the Hindus) and Judaism (by the Jewish people))

Peruball is considered the most religious countryball in the world and may remain like that for long enough, peruvians consider religion as a serious theme even since the colonization of the Incas.

Trivia

  • He hates vegans because they overexert his quinoa production capabilities.
  • One of the few countryballs to have up to three flags.
  • It is third for silver and copper production, and sixth for gold.
  • Identifies with Bolivia on vegan-hating.
  • He loves trees, plants and flowering plants.

Quotes

  • "Oe' causa!"
  • "Ponte mosca"
  • "Chapa tu combi"
  • "O' chibolo"
  • "Inca stronk"
  • "Come to machu picchu!"
  • "Auh, que tienes 'pata?"
  • "I love canchita"
  • "Zafa d'aca mano, ste mi sitio"
  • "Seño, me puede cocinar un ceviche porfa?"
  • "Pucha que no tengo plata... ¿te puedo pagar en yape?"

Gallery

PolandGallery.png
Polandball Wiki has a gallery of artwork, comics, gifs and videos of Peruball.

Click here to see it.

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