Rif Dimashq Governorate (Arabic: محافظة ريف دمشق‎ 'Moḥaafaẓat Reef Demashq', literally, the "Governorate of the Countryside of Damascus") is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces) of Syria. It is situated in the southwestern part of the country. It borders the governorates of Quneitra, Daraa and al-Suwayda (comprising the historic Hauran region) in the southwest, Homs in the north, Lebanon in the west and Jordan in the south.

The Governorate completely surrounds the city-governorate of Damascus and it has an area of 18,032 km² and a population of 2,273,074 (2004 census).

The Governorate was a major site of fighting in the Syrian Civil War - see Rif

Dimashq Governorate campaign.

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