The Russo-Japanese War was a war between Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball and Russian-Empire-icon.png Russian Empireball.

Russian-Empire-icon.png Russian Empireball and Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball both wanted to get Manchu-icon.png Manchuriaball and Unified Korea-icon.png Korea from Qing-icon.png Qingball and Korea-Empire-icon.png Korean Empireball respectively. So, they war themselves in order to anschluss the region. Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball won and gained the Kwantung Leased Territory and South SakhalinMontenegro-icon.png Montenegroball was technically at war with Japan-icon.png Japanball until 2006 because of this.

History

Background and Beginning of the War

Introduction

The Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 changed the history of warfare forever, ushering in a new era of conflicts in which naval battles became central to the fate of the struggle. Its' ending had long term consequences, becoming another factor that made WWI and WWII inevitable.

Before the First Sino-Japanese War

In 1868, Tokugawa-icon.png Tokugawaball entered a modernization period called the Meiji Restoration, which resulted in the formation of Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball. In the same year, the Imperial Japanese Navy was formed, which showed Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball was now vying for naval dominance in the region. However, since it lacked industrial capacity, Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball relied on UK-icon.png UKball for a development of a modern navy. Meanwhile in Russian-Empire-icon.png Russian Empireball, they were eager to increase their presence in the Pacific. It had strong navies in the Baltic and Black Seas, but the country didn't have a naval port/base in the East. So, in 1860 Russian-Empire-icon.png Russian Empireball accquired Vladivostokball Qing-icon.png from Qing-icon.png Qingball, and turned it into a naval base in 1871. Meanwhile, in Moscow-icon.png Moscowball, they built the Trans-Siberian Railroad to link Moscow-icon.png Moscowball and Russian-Empire-icon.png Vladivostokball together in 1891. Although Russian-Empire-icon.png Vladivostokball was in a prime position, it wasn't a warm water port, which Russian-Empire-icon.png Russian Empireball desperately needed. Meanwhile Qing-icon.png Qingball, which was reeling from defeats at the hands of European Powers, bought 2 battleships from German Empire-icon.png German Empireball in 1885, which threatened Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball, as it lacked financial resources to acquire his own. In 1893, Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball ordered 2 battleships from Britain, but the war between Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball and Qing-icon.png Qingball erupted, resulting in the First Sino-Japanese War, resulting in Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball to rely on his cruisers.

After the First Sino-Japanese War

To the shock of the entire world, Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese Empireball won the war in less than a year, managing to destroy one of the Qing-icon.png Qingball's battleships, and capturing another. Since the end of the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japan feared Russian-Empire-icon.png Russian plans to create a sphere of influence in Korea-Empire-icon.png Korea and Manchu-icon.png Manchuriaball. Russia had demonstrated an expansionist policy in Far East Siberia from the reign of Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century. Seeing Russia as a rival, Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japan offered to recognize Russian dominance in Manchu-icon.png Manchuria in exchange for recognition of Korea-Empire-icon.png Korea as being within the Japanese sphere of influence. Russian-Empire-icon.png Russia refused and demanded Korea-Empire-icon.png Korea north of the 39th parallel to be a neutral buffer zone between Russian-Empire-icon.png Russia and Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japan. The Japanese government perceived a Russian threat to its plans for expansion into Asia and chose to go to war. After negotiations broke down in 1904, the Japanese Navy opened hostilities by attacking the Russian Eastern Fleet at Port Arthur, Republic of China-icon (1912-1928).png China, in a surprise attack.

Battle of Port Arthur

Minor Battles and Land Battles after 1st Port Arthur

Russian-Empire-icon.png Russia suffered multiple defeats by Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japan, but Tsar Nicholas II was convinced that Russian-Empire-icon.png Russia would win and chose to remain engaged in the war; at first, to await the outcomes of certain naval battles, and later to preserve the dignity of Russian-Empire-icon.png Russia by averting a "humiliating peace". Russian-Empire-icon.png Russia ignored Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japan's willingness early on to agree to an armistice and rejected the idea to bring the dispute to the Arbitration Court at The Hague. The war concluded with the Treaty of Portsmouth. The complete victory of the Japanese military surprised world observers. The consequences transformed the balance of power in East Asia, resulting in a reassessment of Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japan's recent entry onto the world stage. It was the first major military victory in the modern era of an Asian power over a European one.


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