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The Russo-Japanese War was a war between Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball and Russian-Empire-icon Russian Empireball.

Russian-Empire-icon Russian Empireball and Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball both wanted to get Manchu-icon Manchuriaball and Unified Korea-icon Korea from Qing-icon Qingball and Korea-Empire-icon Korean Empireball respectively. So, they war themselves in order to anschluss the region. Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball won and gained the Kwantung Leased Territory and South SakhalinMontenegro-icon Montenegroball was technically at war with Japan-icon Japanball until 2006 because of this.

History

Background and Beginning of the War

Introduction

The Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 changed the history of warfare forever, ushering in a new era of conflicts in which naval battles became central to the fate of the struggle. Its' ending had long term consequences, becoming another factor that made WWI and WWII inevitable.

Before the First Sino-Japanese War

In 1868, Tokugawa-icon Tokugawaball entered a modernization period called the Meiji Restoration, which resulted in the formation of Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball. In the same year, the Imperial Japanese Navy was formed, which showed Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball was now vying for naval dominance in the region. However, since it lacked industrial capacity, Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball relied on UK-icon UKball for a development of a modern navy. Meanwhile in Russian-Empire-icon Russian Empireball, they were eager to increase their presence in the Pacific. It had strong navies in the Baltic and Black Seas, but the country didn't have a naval port/base in the East. So, in 1860 Russian-Empire-icon Russian Empireball accquired Vladivostokball Qing-icon from Qing-icon Qingball, and turned it into a naval base in 1871. Meanwhile, in Moscow-icon Moscowball, they built the Trans-Siberian Railroad to link Moscow-icon Moscowball and Russian-Empire-icon Vladivostokball together in 1891. Although Russian-Empire-icon Vladivostokball was in a prime position, it wasn't a warm water port, which Russian-Empire-icon Russian Empireball desperately needed. Meanwhile Qing-icon Qingball, which was reeling from defeats at the hands of European Powers, bought 2 battleships from German Empire-icon German Empireball in 1885, which threatened Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball, as it lacked financial resources to acquire his own. In 1893, Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball ordered 2 battleships from Britain, but the war between Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball and Qing-icon Qingball erupted, resulting in the First Sino-Japanese War, resulting in Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball to rely on his cruisers.

After the First Sino-Japanese War

To the shock of the entire world, Japanese-Empire-icon Japanese Empireball won the war in less than a year, managing to destroy one of the Qing-icon Qingball's battleships, and capturing another. Since the end of the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Japanese-Empire-icon Japan feared Russian-Empire-icon Russian plans to create a sphere of influence in Korea-Empire-icon Korea and Manchu-icon Manchuriaball. Russia had demonstrated an expansionist policy in Far East Siberia from the reign of Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century. Seeing Russia as a rival, Japanese-Empire-icon Japan offered to recognize Russian dominance in Manchu-icon Manchuria in exchange for recognition of Korea-Empire-icon Korea as being within the Japanese sphere of influence. Russian-Empire-icon Russia refused and demanded Korea-Empire-icon Korea north of the 39th parallel to be a neutral buffer zone between Russian-Empire-icon Russia and Japanese-Empire-icon Japan. The Japanese government perceived a Russian threat to its plans for expansion into Asia and chose to go to war. After negotiations broke down in 1904, the Japanese Navy opened hostilities by attacking the Russian Eastern Fleet at Port Arthur, Republic of China-icon (1912-1928) China, in a surprise attack.

Battle of Port Arthur

Minor Battles and Land Battles after 1st Port Arthur

Russian-Empire-icon Russia suffered multiple defeats by Japanese-Empire-icon Japan, but Tsar Nicholas II was convinced that Russian-Empire-icon Russia would win and chose to remain engaged in the war; at first, to await the outcomes of certain naval battles, and later to preserve the dignity of Russian-Empire-icon Russia by averting a "humiliating peace". Russian-Empire-icon Russia ignored Japanese-Empire-icon Japan's willingness early on to agree to an armistice and rejected the idea to bring the dispute to the Arbitration Court at The Hague. The war concluded with the Treaty of Portsmouth. The complete victory of the Japanese military surprised world observers. The consequences transformed the balance of power in East Asia, resulting in a reassessment of Japanese-Empire-icon Japan's recent entry onto the world stage. It was the first major military victory in the modern era of an Asian power over a European one.


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