Styriaball is the second biggest stateball of Austria-icon.png Austriaball. He likes to call himself the green heart of Austriaball.

History

The Duchy of Styria

Styriaball became the Duchy of Styriaball in 1180. The new duchy was on equal terms to Carinthiaball, Bavaria-icon.png Bavariaball and Austria-icon.png Austriaball. The connection of Austria-icon.png Austriaball with Styria-icon.png Styriaball was the first step towards the unification of the countryballs of the Eastern Alps.

Styria in the Habsburg Monarchy

Under Lower Austria-icon.png King Ottokar II, Duchy of Bohemia-icon.png Bohemiaball, Moravia-icon.png Moraviaball, Austria-icon.png Austriaball, Styria-icon.png Styriaball, Carinthiaball and Duchy of Carniola-icon.png Carniolaball were ruled by one ruler for the first time, but only for a short time. In 1276, the Styria-icon.png Styrian, Carinthian and Duchy of Carniola-icon.png Carniol nobility rose after the "pure oath" against Lower Austria-icon.png King Ottokar and joined the party of 1273 elected Roman-German King HRE-icon.png Rudolf of Habsburg. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the immigration of German settlers increased especially in the Graz-icon.png Graz basin and the still little-inhabited eastern Styria-icon.png Styria. The terrible plague pandemic of the years 1348 to 1353 brought a strong population decline. In the year 1485 originated the country plague picture at the cathedral of Graz-icon.pngGrazball, which is historically remarkable by the oldest view of Graz-icon.png Grazball. In addition, it also clearly shows the heavy burdens that the Styria-icon.png Styrian population was exposed to at that time: hunger, war and epidemics. Hunger caused by grasshopper plagues - war, not only triggered by the Ottoman-icon.png Turks, but also by the invasions of the Hungary-icon.png Hungarians under King Matthias Corvinus and the rebellion of the former imperial mercenary Andreas Baumkircher - recurring epidemics, such as the plague in 1480. From 1470, the Ottoman-icon.png Turks, who had conquered a large part of the Balkans, became a permanent threat to Inner Austria. Again and again these countries were hit by Turkish invasions. They devastated cities and destroyed farms, killed people or put them into captivity. A great peasants war recorded in 1525 from Salzburg-icon.png Salzburgball and Styria-icon.png Styriaball. Farmers and miners conquered the mining town of Schladmingball and captured the governor. Schladmingball was recaptured, burned down and lost its city rights. Through treaties with the bishoprics of Bamberg and Salzburg-icon.png Salzburgball, the Habsburgs gained complete sovereignty over the possessions of these bishoprics in Styria-icon.png Styriaball.

Vienna-icon.png Ferdinand II united in 1619 almost the entire Habsburg land ownership in his hand, since there were no heirs in the other Habsburg lines. Again it was the Styria-icon.png Styrian-Austrian Austria-icon.png Habsburg line that continued the succession of the Habsburgs in Austriaball.

The Styrian nobility Vienna-icon.png Ferdinand II had initially granted freedom of belief, but in 1628, the nobles were ordered to confess to Catholic-icon.png Catholicism or emigrate.

In 1663 the Ottoman-icon.png Turks declared war on Austria-icon.png Austriaball. As an aftermath to this war, there was a conspiracy of Hungary-icon.png Hungarian Nobility.

In 1683 there was the Second Turkish siege in Vienna-icon.png Viennaball. From Vienna-icon.png Viennaball and Lower Austria-icon.png Lower Austriaball, many refugees arrived in Styria-icon.png Styriaball's land. The successful defense of Vienna-icon.png Viennaball and the victory in the Battle of Kahlenberg freed the Styria-icon.png Styrians from their worries for their safety and ended the Turkish danger for the country. Although there were several more distant battles and conflicts with the Ottoman-icon.png Turks in the decades to come, in which Styria-icon.png Styrians were also involved as soldiers, but no longer as attacked peasants or citizens. However, from 1704 to 1711, the Hungary-icon.png Hungarian rebellious Kurucs devastated eastern Styria-icon.png Styria.

Industrialization of Styria

Styria-icon.png Styriaball's population increase in the period from 1849 to 1914 was almost 50 percent. Never before or after did Styria-icon.png Styriaball have such a large population increase. The cause was primarily the blossoming of the industry. The second half of the 19th century can be called the era of the industrial revolution in Styria-icon.png Styriaball. Favored by the legally defined freedom of trade, large industrial companies were created in many parts of the country. Industrial and agricultural workers emigrated to industry, which paid higher wages and provided more favorable working conditions. Most steel industries were in Upper Styrian Murtalball and Mürztalball, in addition to Donawitzball in Kapfenbergball, Bruck an der Murball, Judenburg-icon.png Judenburgball, Mürzzuschlagball and in smaller towns such as Scheiflingball or Unzmarkt-icon.png Unzmarktball. Also in Graz-icon.png Grazball a number of new companies emerged. The breweries in Graz-icon.png Grazball and Gössball near Leobenball became big companies. Gössball is the place where the Gösser Beer every Styrian loves comes from.

Disintegration of the Duchy of Styria

The contrasts between Styria-icon.png Austrian and Lower Styria-icon.png Slovenian Styria-icon.png Styrians were temporarily reduced by the entry of Italy in the First World War on the side of the opponents Austria-Hungary-icon.png Austria-Hungaryball, as well as the Lower Styria-icon.png Slovenes wanted to ward off the territorial claims of the Italian-Empire-icon.png Italians. The longer the war lasted and the more the economic and supply situation worsened and the number of war victims grew, the more the yearning for peace increased. On October 29, 1918 Duchy of Carniola-icon.png Carniolaball broke his connections to the monarchy, on October 30, the Panslavic-icon.png State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbsball was proclaimed, which Lower Styria-icon.png Lower Styriaball and Duchy of Carniola-icon.png Carniolaball joined.

Styria under National Socialistic rule

As a prelude to his propaganda tour through Austria for the "referendum" on the already completed "Anschluss" Nazi-icon.png Hitler visited Graz-icon.png Grazball on 3rd and 4th April in 1938. The radio broadcast event took place in front of 30,000 people in the assembly hall of a wagon factory, which had been shut down for several years due to the global economic crisis. Then, under the cheers of his followers, Nazi-icon.png Hitler drove through the streets of Graz-icon.png Grazball in a triumphal procession. Tens of thousands of Styria-icon.png Styrians, organized by the NSDAP, had come to the state capital with special trains, buses and trucks to see the "Führer". More than 10.5% of the "Volksgenossen" living in Nazi-icon.png Reichsgau Steiermarkball were NSDAP members in 1942, "party comrades", as the Nazi jargon stated. This number of members corresponded to 15.5% of all Austrian National Socialists. With 30,530 illegal members who were party members before 1938, Styria-icon.png Styriaball had the highest share of all provinces after Carinthia.

On September 1, 1939, World War II began. Now the living conditions of the people were more and more determined by the necessities of the war. When it became clear that no quick victory was possible against Soviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball, which was attacked in the summer of 1941, and Nazi-icon.png Germany declared war on the United States, the campaign in the east of 1942-43 changed into a gradual retreat with the Battle of Stalingrad and more and more for leaders Fallen people were to be lamented, the Nazi enthusiasm became much weaker. The regime also exploited the fear of the revenge of the victorious Russians to keep people at bay and talked about total war (Totaler Krieg).

On March 29, 1945 Soviet-icon.png Soviet soldiers of the 3rd Ukrainian Front at Klostermarienbergball (Burgenlandball) crossed the border from Kingdom of Hungary-icon.png Hungary to Nazi-icon.png Reichsgau Steiermarkball. On May 7, 1945, the German army commanded retreat movements. At the same time, the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht had been signed in Reims. World War II was over. In Lower Styria-icon.png Lower Styriaball, Yugoslavia-icon.png Yugoslaviaball immediately took power again. The result of the seven years of Nazi rule for Styria-icon.png Styriaball was that 27,900 Styrian soldiers died and 12,400 soldiers were permanently missing, 9,000 civilians died in air raids and war, and 10,800 Styrians were executed for political or "racial" reasons in prisons Prisoners and concentration camps died or were murdered, including 2,500 Jewish Styrians and 300 Gypsy-icon.png Gypsies.

Reconstruction of Styria (1945-1955)

On May 8, 1945, a provisional Styrian state government was formed. On the night of 9 May, the Red Army marched into Grazball, effectively taking over the government and occupying a large part of Styriaball in the following days. Only the upper Murtal District-icon.png Murtalcube to Judenburg-icon.png Judenburgball was occupied by the UK-icon.png British and the upper Ennstal by the USA-icon.png Americans. The ten-week Soviet-icon.png Soviet occupation remained more memorable for the Styrians than the ten-year UK-icon.png British superintendent. The attacks of the Soviet-icon.png Soviet soldiers still shape the memory of the Red Army. Plundering, pillaging and dismantling entire factories caused huge material damage. In the first months after the armistice, there was hardly any connection between Styria-icon.png Styriaball and the rest of Austria-icon.png Austriaball or with other countries. Only very gradually it was restored. The necessary reconstruction of the industry was not only a matter of diligence and good will, but more of a matter of raising capital. The urban area of Graz-icon.png Grazball and also that of other Styria-icon.png Styrian cities was marked by many bomb ruins years after the end of the war. Nevertheless, it was remarkable that in about five to ten years after the end of the war, almost all bomb ruins were repaired or replaced by new Buildings. After the conclusion of the Austria-icon.png Austrian State Treaty in September 1955, the last UK-icon.png British occupation soldiers with their families left Styria. After the years of Nazi-icon.png Nazi dictatorship, the terrible World War II, and the hardships of the postwar period, the darkest chapter in 20th century history finally came to an end. The treaty and the subsequent evacuation of Austria-icon.png Austriaball by the four occupying powers could finally be interpreted as that common collective sense of achievement that was necessary as a symbolic basis for an Austria-icon.png Austrian national consciousness.

Relationships

Friends

Enemies

How to draw

Draw Styriaball isn't difficult:

  1. Divide the basic circle shape into two horizontal stripes, white and green
  2. Draw the coat of arms of Styria in the center
  3. Draw the eyes and you've finished.

Gallery

Images

Comics


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