Tainoball was an ancient civilizationball in Cuba-icon.png Cubaball, Bahamas-icon.png Bahamasball, Jamaica-icon.png Jamaicaball & PuertoRico-icon.png Puerto Ricoball.


By the time of Christopher Columbus's arrival in America in 1492, the Taínoball were divided into three large groups: Western Taíno groups (Jamaicaball, most of Cubaball, and Bahamasball), classical Taínos (Puerto Ricoball, Haitiball, and Dominican Republicball) and eastern Tainos (north of the Lesser Antilles). There were five Taino chiefdoms and territories on the island of Santo Domingo, which is currently divided into the countries of the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Each Taino chiefdom was led by a cacique, who collected tributes.

Cubaball, the largest island of the Antilles, was originally divided into 29 chiefdoms. Many of these later became Spanish colonial cities, preserving their original names, such as Havana, Batabanó, Camagüey, Baracoa and Bayamo.  Puerto Ricoballs was also divided into Taino chiefdoms.

By the time of the Spanish conquest, the largest settlements of the Taino population could reach up to 3,000 people each. The Tainoballs traditionally competed against their neighbors; the Caribballs, which lived mainly in the Lesser Antilles. 

Taino society was divided into two classes: naboria (plebeians) and nitaíno (nobles). Both were governed by male chiefs known as cacique, who inherited the title through their noble maternal lineage. The ninaíno functioned as sub-cacique in the villages, supervising the work of naboria. The chiefs were advised by priests / healers known as bohique. The chiefs enjoyed privileges such as being able to use gold pendants known as guanin; living in square (bohio) houses instead of the circular houses of ordinary people; and sitting on wooden chairs to stand above the guests they received.

Work-icon.png Related templates Language-icon.png
VE
Dominican-icon.png I'm not Dominica República Dominicana Dominican-icon.png
Provinces Azua-icon.png AzuaballBahoruco-icon.png BahorucoballBarahona-icon.png BarahonaballDajabon-icon.png DajabónballDuarte-icon.png DuarteballElias Piña-icon.png Elías PiñaballEl Seibo-icon.png El SeiboballEspaillat-icon.png EspaillatballHato Mayor-icon.png Hato MayorballHermanas Mirabal-icon.png Hermanas MirabalballIndependencia-icon.png IndependenciaballLa Altagracia-icon.png La AltagraciaballLa Romana-icon.png La RomanaballLa Vega-icon.png La VegaballMaría Trinidad Sanchez-icon.png María Trinidad SánchezballMonseñor Nouel-icon.png Monseñor NouelballMonte Cristi-icon.png Monte CristiballMonte Plata-icon.png Monte PlataballPedernales-icon.png PedernalesballPeravia-icon.png PeraviaballPuerto Plata-icon.png Puerto PlataballSamana-icon.png SamanáballSanchez Ramirez-icon.png Sánchez RamírezballSan Cristobal-icon.png San CristóbalballSanta Cruz (Bolivia)-icon.png San José de OcoaballSan Juan de la Maguana-icon.png San JuanballSan Pedro de Macoris-icon.png San Pedro de MacorísballSantiago de los Caballeros-icon.png SantiagoballSantiago Rodriguez-icon.png Santiago RodríguezballSanto Domingo-icon.png Santo DomingoballValverde-icon.png Valverdeball
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Province Capitals Azua-icon.png Azuaball (city)Peravia-icon.png BaníballMonseñor Nouel-icon.png BonaoballElias Piña-icon.png Comendador (city/Dominican Republic)La Vega-icon.png Concepción de La VegaballSanchez Ramirez-icon.png CotuíballDajabon-icon.png DajabónballHato Mayor-icon.png Hato Mayor del ReyballIndependencia-icon.png JimaníballLa Romana-icon.png La Romanaball (city)Valverde-icon.png MaoballEspaillat-icon.png MocaballMonte Plata-icon.png Monte Plataball (city)María Trinidad Sanchez-icon.png NaguaballBahoruco-icon.png NeibaballPedernales-icon.png Pedernalesball (city)La Altagracia-icon.png Salvaleón de HigüeyballSan Cristobal-icon.png San Cristóbalball (city)Puerto Plata-icon.png San Felipe de Puerto PlataballMonte Cristi-icon.png San Fernando de Monte CristiballDuarte-icon.png San Francisco de MacorísballSantiago Rodriguez-icon.png San Ignacio de SabanetaballSanta Cruz (Bolivia)-icon.png San José de Ocoaball (city)San Juan de la Maguana-icon.png San Juan de la Maguanaball (city)San Pedro de Macoris-icon.png San Pedro de Macorísball (city)Samana-icon.png Santa Bárbara de SamanáballBarahona-icon.png Santa Cruz de BarahonaballEl Seibo-icon.png Santa Cruz del SeiboSantiago-icon.png Santiago de los CaballerosSanto Domingo-icon.png Santo Domingo EsteballSanto Domingo-icon.png Santo Domingoball
Historic entities 7-icon.png 7ballTaino-icon.png TaínoballSpanish Santo Domingo-icon.png Spanish Santo DomingoballFrench Saint-Domingue-icon.png French Saint-DomingueballSpanish Santo Domingo-icon.png España BobaballRepublic of Spanish Haiti-icon.png Republic of Spanish HaitiballHaiti-icon.png Hispaniolaball
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