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The Winter War was a military conflict between Finland-icon Finlandball (allied with Nazi-icon Nazi Germanyball) and Soviet-icon Soviet Unionball. The Soviet-icon USSR wanted to annex Finland just like poor Estonia-icon Estonia. The invasion failed horribly however, as the Soviet-icon Soviet Union suffered 3x as many casualties as the Finland-icon Finns. The end result was an exchange of territory where Finland gave up 12% of its land to the Soviet-icon USSR, but the Soviet-icon Soviets suffered a severely embarrassing moment in their history.

History

The two empires

Until the 19th century, the area what became present-day Finland-icon Finland was a patchwork of two ethnic groups, the finns and the samis, under the control of the Sweden-icon Swedish Empire. In 1809, the Russian empire conquered the area, and converted it into an autonomous buffer state. While the area enjoyed wide autonomy, Russia then began to strengthen the central government, and unify the empire through russification. These attempts ruined Russia's relationship with the Finns, and increased Finland-icon Finnish separatist movements and nationalism.

Collapse & Creation

The outbreak of World War 1 gave the Finland-icon Finns and opportunity for independence. The Russian Empire was destabilizing, and waves of protests and strikes ground the empire to a halt. The Russian Revolution and Civil War soon broke out, and the empire collapsed, leaving the different ethnic groups living in the empire to govern themselves. Finland-icon Finland was finally free from foreign rule.

The War

The Invasion

The Soviet-icon USSR began to claim parts of Finland-icon Finland's clay, in order to create a buffer against a German attack, as the border was close to Leningradball (now St. Petersburgball). The Soviet-icon Soviets tried to negotiate with Finland-icon Finland, to give up his Karelian Isthmus territory in exchange for other land. When Finland-icon Finland denied the offer, the Soviet-icon Soviets decided to invade.

First battles

The Soviet-icon Soviet's Red Army pushed back against Finland-icon Finland's small reserve army through the first months of the conflict. Though the Soviet-icon Soviets outnumbered Finland-icon Finland and had superiority with tanks and planes, he had difficulty in Finland-icon Finland's clay, and winter weather. Finland-icon Finland however, had a well led army, knew the terrain well, and had warm, snow white camoflage suits. Therefore, while he was vastly outnumbered, he was able to hold off against the Soviet-icon Soviets for a long time.

Ending battles

After months of fighting, Finland-icon Finland began to get tired. The Soviet-icon Soviet forces began to recieve fresh reinforcements, and his military was once again overrun. With no chance of help from the Western Allies, Finland-icon Finland was forced to surrender and give some territories to Soviets.

Aftermath

The Treaty of Moscow was signed in 1940. The treaty forced Finland-icon Finland to give up 12% of it's land to the Soviet-icon USSR, including its second largest city, Viipuri (Vyborg). The League of Nations saw this invasion as illegal, and expelled the Soviet-icon Soviet Union on December 14, 1939. The Gulf of Finland islands, Karelian Isthmus, Ladoga Karelia, Salla, and Rybachy Peninsula, and lease of Hanko were given to the Soviet Union, but their reputation was damaged by how bad they performed, especially weak army leadership, and this was exploited by Nazi-icon Nazi Germany in Operation Barbarossa in 1941 where Finland-icon Finland participated in to reclaim lost land in the Continuation War.

Gallery


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Finland
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