The Winter War was a military conflict between Finland-icon.png Finlandball (allied with Nazi-icon.png Nazi Germanyball) and the Soviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball. The Soviet-icon.png USSR wanted to annex Finland just like poor Estonia-icon.png Estonia. The invasion failed horribly however, as the Soviet-icon.png Soviet Union suffered 3x as many casualties as the Finland-icon.png Finns. The end result was an exchange of territory where Finland gave up 12% of its land to the Soviet-icon.png USSR, but the Soviet-icon.png Soviets suffered a severely embarrassing moment in their history.

History

The two empires

Until the 19th century, the area what became present-day Finland-icon.png Finland was a patchwork of two ethnic groups, the finns and the samis, under the control of the Sweden-icon.png Swedish Empire. In 1809, the Russian empire conquered the area, and converted it into an autonomous buffer state. While the area enjoyed wide autonomy, Russia then began to strengthen the central government, and unify the empire through russification. These attempts ruined Russia's relationship with the Finns, and increased Finland-icon.png Finnish separatist movements and nationalism.

Collapse & Creation

The outbreak of World War 1 gave the Finland-icon.png Finns and opportunity for independence. The Russian Empire was destabilizing, and waves of protests and strikes ground the empire to a halt. The Russian Revolution and Civil War soon broke out, and the empire collapsed, leaving the different ethnic groups living in the empire to govern themselves. Finland-icon.png Finland was finally free from foreign rule.

The War

The Invasion

The Soviet-icon.png USSR began to claim parts of Finland-icon.png Finland's clay, in order to create a buffer against a German attack, as the border was close to Leningradball (now St. Petersburgball). The Soviet-icon.png Soviets tried to negotiate with Finland-icon.png Finland, to give up his Karelian Isthmus territory in exchange for other land. When Finland-icon.png Finland denied the offer, the Soviet-icon.png Soviets decided to invade.

First battles

The Soviet-icon.png Soviet's Red Army pushed back against Finland-icon.png Finland's small reserve army through the first months of the conflict. Though the Soviet-icon.png Soviets outnumbered Finland-icon.png Finland and had superiority with tanks and planes, he had difficulty in Finland-icon.png Finland's clay, and winter weather. Finland-icon.png Finland however, had a well led army, knew the terrain well, and had warm, snow white camoflage suits. Therefore, while he was vastly outnumbered, he was able to hold off against the Soviet-icon.png Soviets for a long time.

Ending battles

After months of fighting, Finland-icon.png Finland began to get tired. The Soviet-icon.png Soviet forces began to recieve fresh reinforcements, and his military was once again overrun. With no chance of help from the Western Allies, Finland-icon.png Finland was forced to beg for peace and give some territories to Soviets.

Aftermath

The Treaty of Moscow was signed in 1940. The treaty forced Finland-icon.png Finland to give up 12% of it's land to the Soviet-icon.png USSR, including its second largest city, Viipuri (Vyborg). The League of Nations saw this invasion as illegal, and expelled the Soviet-icon.png Soviet Union on December 14, 1939. The Gulf of Finland islands, Karelian Isthmus, Ladoga Karelia, Salla, and Rybachy Peninsula, and lease of Hanko were given to the Soviet Union, but their reputation was damaged by how bad they performed, especially weak army leadership, and this was exploited by Nazi-icon.png Nazi Germany in Operation Barbarossa in 1941 where Finland-icon.png Finland participated in to reclaim lost land in the Continuation War.

Gallery


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Nazi.gif Fascist Italy-icon.png Axis Powers - Removings Commies und der Alliierte, 1942 Best Year Ever! Japanese-Empire.gif
Tripartite Pact Nazi.gif Nazi GermanyballJapanese-Empire.gif Empire of JapanballFascist Italy-icon.png Kingdom of Italyball (Until 1943)
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Co-belligerent states Finland-icon.png FinlandballKingdom of Iraq-icon.png Kingdom of IraqballSoviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball (Invasion of Poland only)
Geteilte Zugeständnisse (Tianjin-icon.png) Tianjin-icon.png Tianjin Concessionsball ( Japanese-Empire.gif Empire of JapanballFascist Italy-icon.png Kingdom of Italyball (Until 1943) )
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Regions

Aland-icon.png ÅlandballCenteralFinland-icon.png Central FinlandballCenteralOstrobothnia-icon.png Central OstrobothniaballKainuu-icon.png KainuuballKymenlaakso-icon.png KymenlaaksoballLapland-icon.png LaplandballNorth Karelia-icon.png North KareliaballNorthern Ostrobothnia-icon.png Northern OstrobothniaballNorthern Savonia-icon.png Northern SavoniaballOstrobothnia-icon.png OstrobothniaballPäijät-Häme-icon.png Päijät-HämeballPirkanmaa-icon.png PirkanmaaballSatakunta-icon.png SatakuntaballSouth Karelia-icon.png South KareliaballSouthern Ostrobothnia-icon.png Southern OstrobothniaballSouthern Savonia-icon.png Southern SavoniaballSouthwest Finland-icon.png Southwest FinlandballTavastia Proper-icon.png Tavastia ProperballUusimaa-icon.png Uusimaaball

Finland
Cities Helsinki-icon.png HelsinkiballMariehamn-icon.png Mariehamnball404-icon.png Poriball
Former entities 2-icon.png Migrants from East (Prehistoric Europeans)Sami-icon.png SamiballSweden-icon.png Swedish EmpireballRussian-Empire-icon.png Russian Empireball (Grand Duchy of Finland-icon.png Grand Duchy of Finlandball) • Finland-icon.png Kingdom of Finlandball
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Sweden-icon.png Börkdom Kingdom of IKEA, Minecraft and LGBT Sweden BITCH LASAGNA Sweden-icon.png
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Sweden
Provinces Ångermanland-icon.png ÅngermanlandballBlekinge-icon.png BlekingeballBohuslän-icon.png BohuslänballDalarna-icon.png DalarnaballDalsland-icon.png DalslandballGotland-icon.png GotlandballGästrikland-icon.png GästriklandballHalland-icon.png HallandballHälsingland-icon.png HälsinglandballHärjedalen-icon.png HärjedalenballJämtland-icon.png JämtlandballSwedish Lapland-icon.png LapplandballMedelpad-icon.png MedelpadballNorrbotten-icon.png NorrbottenballNärke-icon.png NärkeballÖland-icon.png ÖlandballÖstergötland-icon.png ÖstergötlandballScania-icon.png SkåneballSmåland-icon.png SmålandballSödermanland-icon.png SödermanlandballUppland-icon.png UpplandballVärmland-icon.png VärmlandballVästmanland-icon.png VästmanlandballVästerbotten-icon.png VästerbottenballVästergötland-icon.png Västergötlandball
Former entities 2-icon.png Migrants from the South (Prehistoric Europeans)Svealand-icon.png Medieval SwedenballKalmar Union-icon.png Kalmar UnionballSwedish Empire-icon.png Swedish EmpireballSweden-Norway-icon.png Sweden-Norwayball
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